Simplon

Simplon (sĭmˈplŏn) [key], pass, 6,590 ft (2,009 m) high, in the Lepontine Alps, Valais canton, S Switzerland. It is crossed by the Simplon Road built (1800–1806) by Napoleon I. The Simplon Railway passes through Simplon Tunnel I and II, one of the longest (both 12.3 mi/19.8 km) in Europe. Opened in 1906 and 1922, respectively, the tunnels cross the Swiss-Italian border from Brig to Isella. They have a maximum elevation of 2,313 ft (705 m). The Simplon Pass has been an important trade route between northern and southern Europe since the 13th cent.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Simplon from Fact Monster:

  • Notable Tunnels - Notable Tunnels Name Location Length Year completed mi km Railroad, excluding subways Seikan ...
  • Brig, town, Switzerland - Brig Brig , Fr. Brigue, town, Valais canton, S Switzerland, on the Rhône River, at the north ...
  • Lago Maggiore - Maggiore, Lago Maggiore, Lago , or Verbano, second largest lake in Italy, 82 sq mi (212 sq km), in ...
  • pass - pass pass, opening or way by which a natural or artificial barrier can be crossed. The term pass is ...
  • Lötschberg Railway - Lötschberg Railway Lötschberg Railway , electrical railroad, crossing the Bernese Alps ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Central European Physical Geography