IntroductionSlovakia (slōvăˈkēə, slōväˈkēə) [key] or the Slovak Republic, Slovak Slovensko slôˈvĕnskô, republic (2005 est. pop. 5,431,000), 18,917 sq mi (48,995 sq km), central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic in the west, by Austria in the southwest, by Hungary in the south, by Ukraine in the east, and by Poland in the north. Bratislava is the capital. Slovakia became an independent nation on Jan. 1, 1993, when Czechoslovakia was dissolved.
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