Stellenbosch (stĕlˈənbŏsh, –bŏs) [key], city and local municipality (2011 pop. 155,125), Western Cape prov., SW South Africa, in the Eerste River valley. It is a wine-making and fruit-growing center. Other industries include sawmilling and the manufacture of bricks and tiles. Stellenbosch, founded in 1680, is the oldest European town in South Africa after Cape Town. The Univ. of Stellenbosch is in the city. The local municipality also includes the communities of Khayamandi and Groendal.