Suva (sōˈvä) [key], city (1993 est. pop. 80,000), capital of Fiji, on the southeastern coast of Viti Levu island, S Pacific. It is a major shipping and commercial center of the S Pacific producing a variety of manufactures. Coconut oil and soap are manufactured; sugar, copra, gold, and tropical fruits are exported. Tourism is an important industry. The main campus of the National Univ. of Fiji and a campus of the Univ. of the South Pacific are there. Suva became the capital of Fiji in 1882. During World War II it was an important Allied airbase.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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