Syktyvkar (sĭktĭfkärˈ) [key], city (1989 pop. 232,000), capital of Komi Republic, NW European Russia, a port on the Sysola River near its entry into the Vychegda. Lumbering and the manufacture of wood products are the chief industries. Near Syktyvkar, on the Vychegda, is one of Russia's largest woodworking complexes. A settlement existed on the site of Syktyvkar by the late 16th cent. During the 17th and 18th cent. there was a flourishing grain and fur trade. The city, a center of Russian colonization in the late 18th and early 19th cent., was called Ust-Sysolsk until 1930.