Syrian Desert

Syrian Desert, Arabic Badiyat Ash Sham, arid wasteland, SW Asia, between the cultivated lands along the E Mediterranean coast and the fertile Euphrates River valley. It extends N from the Nafud Desert in Saudi Arabia and comprises W Iraq, E Jordan, and SE Syria. The famous Arabian horses are raised along the edges of the desert, which in the north is crossed by oil pipelines and by a motor route from Damascus to Baghdad. Several nomadic tribes inhabit the desert. Palmyra and other oases served as staging posts on ancient Mediterranean-Mesopotamian trade routes.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Syrian Desert from Fact Monster:

  • Fertile Crescent - Fertile Crescent Fertile Crescent, historic region of the Middle East. A well-watered and fertile ...
  • Iraq Primer - Round-up of features on Iraq
  • Mesopotamia - Mesopotamia Mesopotamia [Gr.,=between rivers], ancient region of Asia, the territory about the ...
  • Karbala - Karbala Karbala , city (1987 pop. 296,705), central Iraq, at the edge of the Syrian Desert. The ...
  • Damascus - Damascus Damascus , Arabic Dimashq or ash-Sham, city (1995 est. pop. 1,500,000), capital of Syria ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Middle Eastern and Iranian Physical Geography