Tainan

Tainan or T'ai-nan (both: tĪˈnänˈ) [key], city (1994 pop. 706,811), W central Taiwan, on the Taiwan Strait. The fourth largest city of Taiwan, it has industries producing metals, textiles, machinery, processed foods, and handicrafts. It is also a center for the marketing and processing of sugarcane, rice, peanuts, and salt, and there is an important fishing industry. Settled in 1590, Tainan is the oldest city of Taiwan. It was taken over by the Dutch and used as their headquarters from 1624 to 1662. It then became the island's capital under Koxinga and his son. Called Taiwan or Taiwanfu, it remained the political center of the island until the transfer of government to Taipei in 1885, when the city was renamed Tainan. A cultural center, it has many temples, the shrine of Koxinga, and a modern college of engineering.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Tainan from Fact Monster:

  • Su Shueh-lin - Su Shueh-lin writer Born: approx 1895 distinguished Chinese writer who published more than 50 ...
  • Taipei - Taipei Taipei , city (1995 est. pop. 2,632,863), N Taiwan, capital of Taiwan and provisional ...
  • Taiwan: Land and People - Land and People The heavily forested hills and mountains of central and E Taiwan reach their summit ...
  • Little League World Series Champions - Little League World Series Champions Year Champion Runner-up Score 1947 Williamsport, Pa. Lock ...
  • Encyclopedia: Taiwan Political Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning Taiwan Political Geography.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Taiwan Political Geography