Talavera de la Reina (tälävāˈrä ħā lä rāˈnä) [key], town (1990 pop. 69,215), Toledo prov., central Spain, in Castile–La Mancha, on the Tagus River. It is in an agricultural region and is known for its fine ceramics industry. At Talavera, in 1809, in the Peninsular War, the English and Spanish under Wellesley defeated the French under Joseph Bonaparte. After the battle Wellesley was made Viscount Wellington. The historian Juan de Mariana was born in the town.