Tampere (tämˈpĕrā) [key], Swed. Tammerfors, city (1998 pop. 191,254), Western Finland prov., SW Finland, on the banks of the rapids between lakes Näsijärvi and Pyhäjärvi. It is the third largest city in Finland and a leading textile center of N Europe. There are also locomotive works and leather, lumber, and machinery factories. The city, an important trade center since the 11th cent., was chartered in 1779. In 1918 the White forces defeated the Finnish Bolsheviks at Tampere. The city has notable artworks and an unusual open-air theater.