Tanganyika, Lake

Tanganyika, Lake, second largest lake of Africa, c.12,700 sq mi (32,890 sq km), E central Africa on the borders of Tanzania, Congo (Kinshasa), Zambia, and Burundi. It is c.420 mi (680 km) long and up to 45 mi (72 km) wide. The lake lies in the Great Rift Valley (alt. 2,534 ft/772 m) and is the world's second deepest (c.4,700 ft/1,430 m) freshwater lake. Part of the lake's overflow eventually reaches the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Lukuga River. Lake Tanganyika has important fisheries and there are large populations of hippopotamuses and crocodiles. Steamer service connects the chief lakeside cities. David Livingstone and Henry M. Stanley explored (1871) the region. During World War I there were several small naval engagements between the British and the Germans on the lake.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Lake Tanganyika from Fact Monster:

  • Large Lakes of the World - Large Lakes of the World The following table lists the large lakes of the world according to size ...
  • Explorations - Explorations See also Explorers The following table lists important explorations of each of the ...
  • Ujiji - Ujiji Ujiji , municipality, Kigoma prov., W Tanzania, suburb of Kigoma city, on Lake Tanganyika. ...
  • Kigoma - Kigoma Kigoma , municipality, capital of Kigoma prov., W Tanzania, a port on Lake Tanganyika. It is ...
  • Tabora - Tabora Tabora , city (1994 est. pop. 120,000), capital of Tabora region, W central Tanzania. It is ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: African Physical Geography