Tarnów (tärˈ nōf) [key], city (1993 est. pop. 122,200), Małopolskie prov., SE Poland. It is a railway junction and a center for the manufacture of chemicals, textiles, machinery, and processed food. Settled by the 12th cent., Tarnów was chartered in 1330. It passed to Austria in 1772 and reverted to Poland after World War I. Its most notable landmark is the Gothic cathedral (built c.1393), which contains tombs that are regarded as among Poland's finest Renaissance treasures.