Tuzla (tōzˈlä) [key], city (1991 pop. 84,244), in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Various fruits are grown in the vicinity, lignite and salt are mined, and some oil is extracted; there is a chemical plant. The city's salt springs were known in Roman times. Tuzla was under Turkish rule from 1463 until its incorporation into Yugoslavia after World War I. After Bosnia declared its independence from Yugoslavia, the city was the scene of fighting but remained under Bosnian government rule.