Urganch (ŏrgänchˈ) [key] or Urgench ŏrgĕnchˈ, city (1989 pop. 126,380), capital of Khwarazm region, S Uzbekistan, on the Amu Darya River and the Shavat canal, in the Khiva oasis. It has cotton and food-processing industries. Urganch was a trade center of the Khiva khanate.
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