Victoria, city (2001 est. pop. 1,035,000), capital of China's special administrative region of Hong Kong. The city, commonly known as Hong Kong, is on the NW shore of Hong Kong island, at the foot of Victoria Peak. A busy world seaport with extensive shipbuilding yards, it has a fine natural deepwater harbor, across from which lies Kowloon. Densely populated, Victoria is Hong Kong's main administrative, economic, and cultural center, and is the site of many corporate headquarters and international banking facilities. Tourism is also economically important. The Univ. of Hong Kong (1911) is there. Victoria was founded by the British in 1843.