Volga-Baltic Waterway

Volga-Baltic Waterway, canal and river system, c.685 mi (1,100 km) long, N European Russia. It links the Volga River and the St. Petersburg industrial area. It consists of the Moscow-Volga Canal, the Volga River, the Rybinsk Reservoir, the Mariinsk system (composed of the Sheksna River, the White Lake Canal, the Kovzha River, the Mariinsk Canal, and the Vytegra River), the Onega Canal, the Svir River, the Ladoga Canals, and the Neva River to St. Petersburg. The waterway was begun in 1709 to connect St. Petersburg with the interior. The major canals were built in the 1930s. The waterway was reconstructed and modernized in the early 1960s, the principal addition being a dam across the Sheksna River near Cherepovets, which deepened the waterway as far as the Kovzha River, facilitating the use of larger vessels. Although more extensive, this waterway follows the historic Baltic-Volga trade route, in use since the 9th cent.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Volga-Baltic Waterway from Fact Monster:

  • Mariinsk System - Mariinsk System: Mariinsk System: see Volga-Baltic Waterway.
  • Sheksna - Sheksna Sheksna , river, c.100 mi (160 km) long flowing S between Lake Beloye and the Rybinsk ...
  • Svir - Svir Svir , river, c.140 mi (230 km) long, NW European Russia, flowing W from Lake Onega into Lake ...
  • Cherepovets - Cherepovets Cherepovets , city (1989 pop. 310,000), NE European Russia, on the Rybinsk Reservoir. A ...
  • Rybinsk Reservoir - Rybinsk Reservoir Rybinsk Reservoir, artificial lake, c.2,000 sq mi (5,200 sq km), NW European ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: CIS and Baltic Physical Geography

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