Wiener Neustadt (vēˈnər noiˈshtät) [key], city (1991 pop. 35,134), Lower Austria province, E Austria. It is an industrial and rail center. Manufactures include locomotives, heavy machinery, and textiles. Founded in 1192, Wiener Neustadt was the birthplace of Emperor Maximilian I (1459–1519). The city was severely damaged in World War II; it has since been extensively reconstructed. The 12th-century castle of the Babenbergs, dukes of Austria, became a military academy in 1752.