Xuzhou or Suchow (both: shōˈjōˈ) [key], city (1994 est. pop. 879,800), N Jiangsu prov., E central China. It is a rail center at the junction of railroads serving Jiangsu, Shandong, Anhui, and Hunan provs. It also has an airport. Iron and coal mines are nearby, and the city has a small integrated steel complex. Other industries include machine building, textiles, and engineering. Xuzhou was known as Dongshan from 1912 to 1945. It was in Shandong prov. from 1949 to 1952, when it was returned to Jiangsu. The name sometimes appears as Hsu-chou.
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