Yarmouth. 1 Town, Isle of Wight, S England. It is a small port and resort. The castle there was built by Henry VIII. 2 Officially Great Yarmouth, city (1991 pop. 54,777) and district, Norfolk, E England, a port on a long, narrow peninsula between the North Sea and Breydon Water. Yarmouth is a resort and fishing port. The Yarmouth bloater (prepared herring) is famous. Engineering and textile industries are there; oil and gas exploration occurs nearby. The Church of St. Nicholas was founded early in the 12th cent. The Tolhouse (14th cent.; now a museum) is one of the oldest municipal buildings in Great Britain. Although Yarmouth was heavily bombed during World War II, the older part of the city retains many of the "rows," narrow lanes from 29 in. to 6 ft (73.7 cm–1.8 m) wide.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.