Zhangjiakou or Changkiakow (both: jäng-jēä-kou) [key], Mongolian Kalgan, city (1994 est. pop. 615,300), NW Hebei prov., China, near a gateway of the Great Wall and on the Beijing-Russia RR. A major trade center for N China and Mongolia, it has food-processing plants, machine shops, and tanneries. The meeting place of caravans traveling from Beijing to Ulaanbaatar, it was an important military center under the Manchu dynasty but declined somewhat after the opening (1905) of the Trans-Siberian RR. In 1928 it became the capital of Chahar prov., which was abolished in 1952. The name sometimes appears as Chang-chia-k'ou.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Zhangjiakou from Fact Monster:

  • Changkiakow - Changkiakow: Changkiakow: see Zhangjiakou, China.
  • Kalgan - Kalgan: Kalgan: see Zhangjiakou, China.
  • Chang-chia-k'ou - Chang-chia-k'ou: Chang-chia-k'ou: see Zhangjiakou, China.
  • Chahar - Chahar Chahar , former province (109,527 sq mi/283,675 sq km), N China. Zhangjiakou (Kalgan) was ...
  • Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region: History - History Originally the southern part of Mongolia, Inner Mongolia was settled chiefly by the Tumet ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Chinese and Mongolian Political Geography

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