Revised Wind Chill Index

Source: The National Weather Service

The wind chill temperature index measures how cold people feel when outside. Wind chill is based on the rate of heat loss from exposed skin caused by wind and cold. As the wind increases, it draws heat from the body, driving down skin temperature and eventually the internal body temperature. The wind therefore makes it feel much colder. If the temperature is 0°F and the wind is blowing at 15 mph, the wind chill is –19°F. At this wind chill temperature, exposed skin can freeze in 30 minutes.

A revised wind chill table was introduced by the National Weather Service on Nov. 1, 2001. The new index was tested on human subjects and is based on heat loss from exposed skin. The old index, formulated in 1945 by Antarctic explorers, measured the cooling rate of water.

Wind
speed
(mph)
Temperature (°F)
4035 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 –5 –10 –15 –20 –25 –30 –35 –40 –45
5 363125191371–5–11–16–22–28–34–40–46–52–57–63
10 3427211593–4–10–16–22–28–35–41–47–53–59–66–72
15 3225191360–7–13–19–26–32–39–45–51–58–64–71–77
20 302417114–2–9–15–22–29–35–42–48–55–61–68–74–81
25 29231693–4–11–17–24–31–37–44–51–58–64–71–78–84
30 28221581–5–12–19–26–33–39–46–53–60–67–73–80–87
35 28211470–7–14–21–27–34–41–48–55–62–69–76–82–89
40 2720136–1–8–15–22–29–36–43–50–57–64–71–78–84–91
45 2619125–2–9–16–23–30–37–44–51–58–65–72–79–86–93
502619124–3–10–17–24–31–38–45–52–60–67–74–81–88–95
552518114–3–11–18–25–32–39–46–54–61–68–75–82–89–97
602517103–4–11–19–26–33–40–48–55–62–69–76–84–91–98
Frostbite Times: Bold = 30 minutes Italic = 10 Minutes Bold italic = 5 minutes
Formula: Wind Chill (°F) = 35.74 + 0.6215T – 35.75(V0.16) + 0.4275T(V0.16)Where, T = Air Temperature (°F) V = Wind Speed (mph)

    See Weights and Measures for Fahrenheit and Celsius scales.


Weather WordsWeatherBeaufort Wind Scale