World and U.S. Extremes of Climate

Highest Recorded Temperatures

 Place Date Degrees
Fahrenheit
Degrees
Celsius
World (Africa) El Azizia, Libya Sept. 13, 1922 136 58
North America (U.S.) Death Valley, Calif. July 10, 1913 134 57
Asia Tirat Tsvi, Israel June 21, 1942 129 54
Australia* Oodnadatta, South AustraliaJan. 2, 1960123.350.7
Europe Athens, Greece July 7, 1977118.4 48.0
South America Villa de María, Argentina Jan. 1, 1920 120.4 49.1
Canada Midale and Yellow Grass,
 Saskatchewan, Canada
July 5, 1937 113 45
Oceania*Oodnadatta, South AustraliaJan. 2, 1960123.350.7
Persian Gulf (sea-surface)  Aug. 5, 1924 96 36
Antarctica Vanda Station, Scott CoastJan. 5, 1974 59 15
South Pole  Dec. 27, 1978 7.5 –14

*On 16 January 1889, a temperature of 53 °C (128 °F) was recorded at Cloncurry, Queensland. It was measured with a non-standard thermometer, so it is unknown if this reading was valid or not.

Lowest Recorded Temperatures

 Place Date Degrees
Fahrenheit
Degrees
Celsius
World (Antarctica) Vostok July 21, 1983 –129 –89
Asia Oimekon, RussiaFeb. 6, 1933 –90 –68
 Verkhoyansk, RussiaFeb. 7, 1892–90–68
Greenland Northice Jan. 9, 1954 –87 –66
North America (excl. Greenland) Snag, Yukon, Canada Feb. 3, 1947 –81 –63
United States Prospect Creek, Alaska Jan. 23, 1971 –80 –62
U.S. (excl. Alaska)Rogers Pass, Mont. Jan. 20, 1954 –70 –56.5
Europe Ust 'Shchugor, RussiaJan.1–67 –55
South America Sarmiento, Argentina June 1, 1907 –27 –33
Africa Ifrane, Morocco Feb. 11, 1935 –11 –24
Australia Charlotte Pass, N.S.W. June 29, 1994 –9–22
OceaniaMauna Kea, HawaiiMay 17, 197912–11
1. Exact date unknown; lowest in 15-year period.

Greatest Rainfalls

 Place Date Inches Centimeters
1 minute (World) Unionville, Md. July 4, 1956 1.23 3.1
20 minutes (World) Curtea-de-Arges, Romania July 7, 1889 8.1 20.5
42 minutes (World) Holt, Mo. June 22, 1947 12 30.5
12 hours (World) Grand Ilet, La Réunion Jan. 26, 1980 46114
24 hours (World) Foc-Foc, La Réunion Jan. 7–8, 1966 72 182.5
24 hours (N. Hemisphere) Paishih, Taiwan Sept. 10–11, 1963 49 125
24 hours (Australia) Bellenden Ker, Queensland Jan. 4, 1979 44 114
24 hours (U.S.) Alvin, Tex.July 25–26, 1979 43 109
24 hours (Canada) Ucluelet Brynnor Mines,
 British Columbia
Oct. 6, 1967 19 49
5 days (World) Commerson, La Réunion Jan. 23–28, 1980 156 395
1 month (World) Cherrapunji, India July 1861 366 930
12 months (World) Cherrapunji, India Aug. 1860–Aug. 1861 1,042 2,647
12 months (U.S.) Kukui, Maui, Hawaii Dec. 1981–Dec. 1982 739 1878

Lowest Average Annual Precipitation Extremes

ContinentPlace Lowest avg.
(in.)
Elevation (ft)Years of
record
World (South America)Arica, Chile0.039559
AfricaWadi Halfa, Sudan<0.1041039
AntarcticaAmundsen-Scott South Pole Station0.8019,18610
North AmericaBatagues, Mexico1.201614
AsiaAden, Yemen1.802250
AustraliaMulka (Troudaninna), South Australia4.05160242
EuropeAstrakhan, Russia6.404525
OceaniaPuako, Hawaii, Hawaii8.93513
1. The value given is the average amount of solid snow accumulating in one year as indicated by snow markers. The liquid content of the snow is undetermined.
2. Approximate elevation.
Source: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Engineer Topographic Laboratories.

Greatest Snowfalls in North AmericaWeatherRecord Highest Temperatures by State