Immigrants Admitted as Permanent Residents Under Refugee Acts, by Country of Birth, 1971–1998

Covers immigrants who were allowed to enter the United States under 1953 Refugee Relief Act and later acts; Hungarian parolees under July 1958 act; refugee-escapee parolees under July 1960 act; conditional entries by refugees under Oct. 1965 act; Cuban parolees under Nov. 1966 act; beginning 1978, Indochina refugees under Oct. 1977 act; beginning 1980, refugee-parolees under the Oct. 1978 act, and asylees under the March 1980 act; and beginning 1981, refugees under the March 1980 act.

Country
of birth
1971–80,
total
1981–90,
total
1991–96,
total
1998
Total539,4471,013,620748,12254,645
Europe171,858155,512312,81519,048
 Czecho-
  slovakia,
  former
3,6468,2041,20115
 Hungary4,3584,9421,23114
 Poland5,88233,8897,21054
 Romania6,81229,79815,139116
 Soviet Union,
  former2
31,30972,306264,18713,200
  Armenian.a.n.a.1,5464158
  Azerbaijann.a.n.a.10,0494196
  Belarusn.a.n.a.19,5454557
  Georgian.a.n.a.1,8344100
  Kazakhstann.a.n.a.2,8234152
  Moldovan.a.n.a.9,3004272
  Russian.a.n.a.44,36742,225
  Tajikistann.a.n.a.2,191424
  Ukrainen.a.n.a.81,26343,641
  Uzbekistann.a.n.a.14,6384292
 Yugoslavia11,29732413,27145,312
     
     
Asia1210,683712,092286,12511,743
 Afghanistan54222,9469,065137
 Cambodia7,739114,0646,08862
 China313,7607,9285,079898
 Indian.a.n.a.1,125373
 Iran36446,77320,126754
 Iraq6,8517,54014,464999
 Laos21,690142,96433,7011,110
 Thailand1,24130,25919,3231,134
 Vietnam150,266324,453169,5604,921
North America1252,633121,840111,74416,372
 Cuba251,514113,36776,37014,915
 El Salvador451,3833,623129
 Haitin.a.n.a.7,309537
 Nicaragua365,59021,252316
South America11,2441,9763,025712
 Perun.a.n.a.1,285338
Africa12,99122,14934,2244,225
 Ethiopia1,30718,54215,849507
 Liberian.a.n.a.2,712225
 Somalian.a.n.a.7,8642,270
 Sudann.a.n.a.3,422287
Other38511892,545
n.a. = not available.
1. Includes other countries, not shown separately.
2. Includes other republics and unknown republics, not shown separately.
3. Includes Taiwan.
4. Covers the years 1992–1996.
Source: U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service, Statistical Yearbook, annual, and releases.


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Countries of Birth of the Foreign-Born Population, 1850–2000Race and Ethnicity