Cross Country Skiing

Starting with the 1988 Winter Games in Calgary, the classical and freestyle (i.e., skating) techniques were designated for specific events. The Pursuit race was introduced in 1992 and revamped after the 1998 Nagano Games. The Sprint was added in 2002.

Men's Olympic Cross Country Skiing

Multiple gold medals (including relays): Bjorn Daehlie (8); Thomas Alsgaard, Sixten Jernberg, Gunde Svan, Thomas Wassberg and Nikolai Zimyatov (4); Veikko Hakulinen, Eero Mäntyranta and Vegard Ulvang (3); Hallgeir Brenden, Harald Grönningen, Thorleif Haug, Johann Muehlegg, Jan Ottoson, Kristen Skjeldal, Päl Tyldum and Vyacheslav Vedenine (2).

Multiple gold medals (including Nordic Combined): Johan Gröttumsbråten and Thorleif Haug (3).

1.5-kilometer Sprint

New event in 2002.

Year  Time
2002Tor Arne Hetland, NOR2:56.9

10 kilometers

Held as a classical event.

Year  Time
1992 Vegard Ulvang, NOR 27:36.0
1994 Bjorn Daehlie, NOR 24:20.1
1998Bjorn Daehlie, NOR27:24.5
2002 Not held 

Combined Pursuit (10km)

From 1992-98 the pursuit included a 10-km classical race and a 15-km freestyle race contested on separate days. Beginning in 2002, the pursuit was shortened to two 5-kilometer races held on the same day.

Year  Time
1992 Bjorn Daehlie, NOR 1:05:37.9
1994 Bjorn Daehlie, NOR 1:00:08.8
1998Thomas Alsgaard, NOR1:07:01.7
2002Johann Muehlegg, SPA49:20.4

15 kilometers

Held over 18 kilometers from 1924-52. Held as a classical event from 1956-88, and since 2002. Replaced by the 15-km combined pursuit (1992-98).

Year  Time
1924 Thorleif Haug, NOR 1:14:31.0
1928 Johan Gröttumsbråten, NOR 1:37:01.0
1932 Sven Utterström, SWE 1:23:07.0
1936 Erik-August Larsson, SWE 1:14:38.0
1948 Martin Lundström, SWE 1:13:50.0
1952 Hallgeir Brenden, NOR 1:01:34.0
1956 Hallgeir Brenden, NOR 49:39.0
1960 Hakon Brusveen, NOR 51:55.5
1964 Eero Mäntyranta, FIN 50:54.1
1968 Harald Grönningen, NOR 47:54.2
1972 Sven-Ake Lundback, SWE 45:28.24
1976 Nikolai Bazhukov, USSR 43:58.47
1980 Thomas Wassberg, SWE 41:57.63
1984 Gunde Svan, SWE 41:25.6
1988 Mikhail Devyatyarov, USSR 41:18.9
1992-98 Not held 
2002Andrus Veerpalu, EST37:07.4

30 kilometers

Held as a freestyle event from 1956-94, and since 2002. Held as a classical event in 1998.

Year  Time
1956 Veikko Hakulinen, FIN 1:44:06.0
1960 Sixten Jernberg, SWE 1:51:03.9
1964 Eero Mäntyranta, FIN 1:30:50.7
1968 Franco Nones, ITA 1:35:39.2
1972 Vyacheslav Vedenine, USSR 1:36:31.15
1976 Sergei Saveliev, USSR 1:30:29.38
1980 Nikolai Zimyatov, USSR 1:27:02.80
1984 Nikolai Zimyatov, USSR 1:28:56.3
1988 Alexei Prokurorov, USSR 1:24:26.3
1992 Vegard Ulvang, NOR 1:22:27.8
1994 Thomas Alsgaard, NOR 1:12:26.4
1998 Mika Myllylae, FIN1:33:55.8
2002Johann Muehlegg, SPA1:09:28.9

50 kilometers

Held as a classical event from 1924-94, and since 2002. Held as a freestyle event in 1998.

Year  Time
1924 Thorleif Haug, NOR 3:44:32.0
1928 Per Erik Hedlund, SWE 4:52:03.0
1932 Veli Saarinen, FIN 4:28:00.0
1936 Elis Wiklund, SWE 3:30:11.0
1948 Nils Karlsson, SWE 3:47:48.0
1952 Veikko Hakulinen, FIN 3:33:33.0
1956 Sixten Jernberg, SWE 2:50:27.0
1960 Kalevi Hämäläinen, FIN 2:59:06.3
1964 Sixten Jernberg, SWE 2:43:52.6
1968 Ole Ellefsaeter, NOR 2:28:45.8
1972 Päl Tyldum, NOR 2:43:14.75
1976 Ivar Formo, NOR 2:37:30.05
1980 Nikolai Zimyatov, USSR 2:27:24.60
1984 Thomas Wassberg, SWE 2:15:55.8 
1988 Gunde Svan, SWE 2:04:30.9 
1992 Bjorn Daehlie, NOR 2:03:41.5 
1994 Vladimir Smirnov, KAZ 2:07:20.3 
1998 Bjorn Daehlie, NOR2:05:08.2 
2002Mikhail Ivanov, RUS*2:06:20.8 
*Ivanov finished second to Johann Muehlegg of Spain, who was disqualified for failing a drug test.

4x10-kilometer Mixed Relay

Two classical and two freestyle legs.

Year  Time
1936 Finland 2:41:33.0
1948 Sweden 2:32:08.0
1952 Finland 2:20:16.0
1956 Soviet Union 2:15:30.0
1960 Finland 2:18:45.6
1964 Sweden 2:18:34.6
1968 Norway 2:08:33.5
1972 Soviet Union 2:04:47.94
1976 Finland 2:07:59.72
1980 Soviet Union 1:57:03.46
1984 Sweden 1:55:06.3
1988 Sweden 1:43:58.6
1992 Norway 1:39:26.0
1994 Italy 1:41:15.0
1998Norway1:40:55.7
2002Norway1:32:45.5

Women's Olympic Cross Country Skiing

Multiple gold medals (including relays): Lyubov Egorova (6); Larissa Lazutina (5); Galina Kulakova and Raisa Smetanina (4); Claudia Boyarskikh, Olga Danilova and Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen and Elena Valbe (3); Stefania Belmondo, Manuela Di Centa, Nina Gavriluk, Toini Gustafsson, Barbara Petzold and Julija Tchepalova (2).

Multiple gold medals (including relays and Biathlon): Anfisa Reztsova (2).

1.5-kilometer Sprint

New event in 2002.

Year  Time
2002Julija Tchepalova, RUS3:10.6

5 kilometers

Held as a classical event from 1964-98. From 1992-98 it was half of the combined pursuit event. Discontinued after 1998.

Year  Time
1964 Claudia Boyarskikh, USSR 17:50.5
1968 Toini Gustafsson, SWE 16:45.2
1972 Galina Kulakova, USSR 17:00.50
1976 Helena Takalo, FIN 15:48.69
1980 Raisa Smetanina, USSR 15:06.92
1984 Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen, FIN 17:04.0
1988 Marjo Matikainen, FIN 15:04.0
1992 Marjut Lukkarinen, FIN 14:13.8
1994 Lyubov Egorova, RUS 14:08.8
1998Larissa Lazutina, RUS17:37.9

Combined Pursuit (10km)

From 1992-98 the pursuit consisted of a 10-km freestyle race in which the starting order was determined by order of finish in the 5-km classical race contested on separate days. Beginning in 2002, the pursuit was shortened to a 5-km classical race followed by a 5-km freestyle race contested on the same day. The 5-km classical is no longer a separate medal event.

Year  Time
1992 Lyubov Egorova, UT 40:07.7
1994 Lyubov Egorova, RUS 41:38.1
1998Larissa Lazutina, RUS46:06.9
2002Olga Danilova, RUS24:52.1

10 kilometers

Held as a classical event from 1952-88, and since 2002. Replaced by 10-km combined pursuit from 1992-98.

Year  Time
1952 Lydia Wideman, FIN 41:40.0
1956 Lyubov Kosyreva, USSR 38:11.0
1960 Maria Gusakova, USSR 39:46.6
1964 Claudia Boyarskikh, USSR 40:24.3
1968 Toini Gustafsson, SWE 36:46.5
1972 Galina Kulakova, USSR 34:17.82
1976 Raisa Smetanina, USSR 30:13.41
1980 Barbara Petzold, E. Ger 30:31.54
1984 Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen, FIN 31:44.2
1988 Vida Venciene, USSR 30:08.3
1992-98 Not held 
2002Bente Skari, NOR28:05.6

15 kilometers

Held as a freestyle event from 1992-94, and since 2002. Held as a classical event in 1998.

Year  Time
1992 Lyubov Egorova, UT 42:20.8
1994 Manuela Di Centa, ITA 39:44.5
1998Olga Danilova, RUS46:55.4
2002 Stefania Belmondo, ITA39:54.4

20 kilometers

Held as a classical event from 1984-88. Discontinued in 1992 and replaced by the 30-kilometer freestyle.

Year  Time
1984 Marja-Liisa Hämäläinen, FIN 1:01:45.0
1988 Tamara Tikhonova, USSR 55:53.6

30 kilometers

Replaced 20-km classical event in 1992. Held as a freestyle event 1992-98. Held as a classical event since 2002.

Year  Time
1992 Stefania Belmondo, ITA 1:22:30.1
1994 Manuela Di Centa, ITA 1:25:41.6
1998Julija Tchepalova, RUS1:22:01.5
2002Gabriella Paruzzi, ITA*1:30:57.1
*Paruzzi finished second to Larissa Lazutina of Russia, who was disqualified after failing a drug test.

4x5-kilometer Relay

Two classical and two freestyle legs since 1992. Event featured three skiers per team from 1956-72.

Year  Time
1956 Finland 1:09:01.0
1960 Sweden 1:04:21.4
1964 Soviet Union 59:20.2
1968 Norway 57:30.0
1972 Soviet Union 48:46.15
1976 Soviet Union 1:07:49.75
1980 East Germany 1:02:11.10
1984 Norway 1:06:49.7
1988 Soviet Union 59:51.1
1992 Unified Team 59:34.8
1994 Russia 57:12.5
1998Russia55:13.5
2002 Germany49:30.6

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