Speed Skating

Men's Olympic Speed Skating

Multiple gold medals: Eric Heiden and Clas Thunberg (5); Ivar Ballangrud, Yevgeny Grishin and Johann Olav Koss (4); Hjalmar Andersen, Tomas Gustafson, Irving Jaffee and Ard Schenk (3); Gaétan Boucher, Knut Johannesen, Erhard Keller, Uwe-Jens Mey, Gianni Romme, Jack Shea and Jochem Uytdehaage (2). Note that Thunberg's total includes the All-Around, which was contested for the only time in 1924.

500 meters

Year  Time  
1924 Charles Jewtraw, USA 44.0  
1928 (TIE) Bernt Evensen, NOR 43.4 OR
  & Clas Thunberg, FIN 43.4 OR
1932 Jack Shea, USA 43.4 =OR
1936 Ivar Ballangrud, NOR 43.4 =OR
1948 Finn Helgesen, NOR 43.1 OR
1952 Ken Henry, USA 43.2  
1956 Yevgeny Grishin, USSR 40.2 =WR
1960 Yevgeny Grishin, USSR 40.2 =WR
1964 Terry McDermott, USA 40.1 OR
1968 Erhard Keller, W. Ger 40.3    
1972 Erhard Keller, W. Ger 39.44 OR
1976 Yevgeny Kulikov, USSR 39.17 OR
1980 Eric Heiden, USA 38.03 OR
1984 Sergei Fokichev, USSR 38.19  
1988 Uwe-Jens Mey, E. Ger 36.45 WR
1992 Uwe-Jens Mey, GER 37.14  
1994 Aleksandr Golubev, RUS 36.33 OR
1998Hiroyashu Shimizu, JPN71.35*OR
2002Casey FitzRandolph, USA69.23 OR
*The two-race final was introduced; skater with the lowest combined time wins gold.

1000 meters

Year  Time  
1924-72 Not held   
1976 Peter Mueller, USA 1:19.32  
1980 Eric Heiden, USA 1:15.18 OR
1984 Gaétan Boucher, CAN 1:15.80  
1988 Nikolai Gulyaev, USSR 1:13.03 OR
1992 Olaf Zinke, GER 1:14.85  
1994 Dan Jansen, USA 1:12.43 WR
1998Ids Postma, NED1:10.64OR
2002Gerard van Velde, NED1:07.18WR

1500 meters

Year  Time  
1924 Clas Thunberg, FIN 2:20.8  
1928 Clas Thunberg, FIN 2:21.1  
1932 Jack Shea, USA 2:57.5  
1936 Charles Mathisen, NOR 2:19.2 OR
1948 Sverre Farstad, NOR 2:17.6 OR
1952 Hjalmar Andersen, NOR 2:20.4  
1956 (TIE) Yevgeny Grishin, USSR 2:08.6 WR
  & Yuri Mikhailov, USSR 2:08.6 WR
1960 (TIE) Roald Aas, NOR 2:10.4  
  & Yevgeny Grishin, USSR 2:10.4  
1964 Ants Antson, USSR 2:10.3  
1968 Kees Verkerk, NED 2:03.4  OR
1972 Ard Schenk, NED2:02.96 OR
1976 Jan Egil Storholt, NOR 1:59.38 OR
1980 Eric Heiden, USA 1:55.44 OR
1984 Gaétan Boucher, CAN 1:58.36  
1988 Andre Hoffman, E. Ger 1:52.06 WR
1992 Johann Olav Koss, NOR 1:54.81  
1994 Johann Olav Koss, NOR 1:51.29 WR
1998Aadne Sondral, NOR1:47.87WR
2002Derek Parra, USA1:43.95WR

5000 meters

Year  Time  
1924 Clas Thunberg, FIN 8:39.0    
1928 Ivar Ballangrud, NOR 8:50.5    
1932 Irving Jaffee, USA 9:40.8    
1936 Ivar Ballangrud, NOR 8:19.6   OR
1948 Reidar Liaklev, NOR 8:29.4    
1952 Hjalmar Andersen, NOR 8:10.6   OR
1956 Boris Shilkov, USSR 7:48.7   OR
1960 Viktor Kosichkin, USSR 7:51.3    
1964 Knut Johannesen, NOR 7:38.4   OR
1968 Fred Anton Maier, NOR 7:22.4   WR
1972 Ard Schenk, NED7:23.61   
1976 Sten Stensen, NOR 7:24.48    
1980 Eric Heiden, USA 7:02.29   OR
1984 Tomas Gustafson, SWE 7:12.28    
1988 Tomas Gustafson, SWE 6:44.63   WR
1992 Geir Karlstad, NOR 6:59.97    
1994 Johann Olav Koss, NOR 6:34.96   WR
1998Gianni Romme, NED6:22.20  WR
2002Jochem Uytdehaage, NED6:14.66  WR

10,000 meters

Year  Time  
1924 Julius Skutnabb, FIN 18:04.8  
1928 Irving Jaffee, USA* 18:36.5  
1932 Irving Jaffee, USA 19:13.6  
1936 Ivar Ballangrud, NOR 17:24.3 OR
1948 Ake Seyffarth, SWE 17:26.3  
1952 Hjalmar Andersen, NOR 16:45.8 OR
1956 Sigvard Ericsson, SWE 16:35.9 OR
1960 Knut Johannesen, NOR 15:46.6 WR
1964 Jonny Nilsson, SWE 15:50.1  
1968 Johnny Höglin, SWE 15:23.6 OR
1972 Ard Schenk, NED15:01.35 OR
1976 Piet Kleine, NED14:50.59 OR
1980 Eric Heiden, USA 14:28.13 WR
1984 Igor Malkov, USSR 14:39.90  
1988 Tomas Gustafson, SWE 13:48.20 WR
1992 Bart Veldkamp, NED14:12.12  
1994 Johann Olav Koss, NOR 13:30.55 WR
1998Gianni Romme, NED13:15.33WR
2002Jochem Uytdehaage, NED12:58.92WR
*Unofficial, according to the IOC. Jaffee recorded the fastest time, but the event was called off in progress due to thawing ice.

Women's Olympic Speed Skating

Multiple gold medals: Lydia Skoblikova (6); Bonnie Blair (5); Claudia Pechstein (4); Karin Enke, Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann and Yvonne van Gennip (3); Tatiana Averina, Catriona Lemay-Doan, Christa Rothenburger and Marianne Timmer (2).

500 meters

Year  Time  
1960 Helga Haase, GER 45.9    
1964 Lydia Skoblikova, USSR 45.0  OR
1968 Lyudmila Titova, USSR 46.1   
1972 Anne Henning, USA 43.33 OR
1976 Sheila Young, USA 42.76 OR
1980 Karin Enke, E. Ger 41.78 OR
1984 Christa Rothenburger, E. Ger 41.02 OR
1988 Bonnie Blair, USA 39.10 WR
1992 Bonnie Blair, USA 40.33  
1994 Bonnie Blair, USA 39.25  
1998Catriona Lemay-Doan, CAN76.60*OR
2002Catriona Lemay-Doan, CAN74.75 OR
*The two-race final was introduced; skater with the lowest combined time wins gold.

1000 meters

Year  Time  
1960 Klara Guseva, USSR 1:34.1  
1964 Lydia Skoblikova, USSR 1:33.2 OR
1968 Carolina Geijssen, NED1:32.6 OR
1972 Monika Pflug, W. Ger 1:31.40 OR
1976 Tatiana Averina, USSR 1:28.43 OR
1980 Natalia Petruseva, USSR 1:24.10 OR
1984 Karin Enke, E. Ger 1:21.61 OR
1988 Christa Rothenburger, E. Ger 1:17.65 WR
1992 Bonnie Blair, USA 1:21.90  
1994 Bonnie Blair, USA 1:18.74  
1998Marianne Timmer, NED1:16.51OR
2002Chris Witty, USA1:13.83WR

1500 meters

Year  Time  
1960 Lydia Skoblikova, USSR 2:25.2 WR
1964 Lydia Skoblikova, USSR 2:22.6 OR
1968 Kaija Mustonen, FIN 2:22.4 OR
1972 Dianne Holum, USA 2:20.85 OR
1976 Galina Stepanskaya, USSR 2:16.58 OR
1980 Annie Borckink, NED2:10.95 OR
1984 Karin Enke, E. Ger 2:03.42 WR
1988 Yvonne van Gennip, NED2:00.68 OR
1992 Jacqueline Börner, GER 2:05.87  
1994 Emese Hunyady, AUT 2:02.19  
1998Marianne Timmer, NED1:57.58WR
2002Anni Friesinger, GER1:54.02WR

3000 meters

Year  Time  
1960 Lydia Skoblikova, USSR 5:14.3  
1964 Lydia Skoblikova, USSR 5:14.9  
1968 Johanna Schut, NED4:56.2 OR
1972 Christina Baas-Kaiser, NED4:52.14 OR
1976 Tatiana Averina, USSR 4:45.19 OR
1980 Bjorg Eva Jensen, NOR 4:32.13 OR
1984 Andrea Schöne, E. Ger 4:24.79 OR
1988 Yvonne van Gennip, NED4:11.94 WR
1992 Gunda Niemann, GER 4:19.90  
1994 Svetlana Bazhanova, RUS 4:17.43  
1998Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann, GER4:07.29OR
2002Claudia Pechstein, GER3:57.70WR

5000 meters

Year  Time  
1960-84 Not held   
1988 Yvonne van Gennip, NED 7:14.13 WR
1992 Gunda Niemann, GER 7:31.57  
1994 Claudia Pechstein, GER 7:14.37  
1998Claudia Pechstein, GER6:59.61WR
2002Claudia Pechstein, GER6:46.91WR

SnowboardingEvent-by-EventShort Track Speed Skating

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