# Terms Used in Equations

#### Here are the terms used in equations for addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. These terms include augend, addend, sum, subrahend, minuend, difference, multiplicand, multiplier, product, factors, dividend, divisor, quotient, and remainder.

# Addition

In addition, an **augend** and an **addend** are added to find a **sum.**

In the following equation, 6 is the augend, 3 is the addend, and 9 is the sum:

6 + 3 = 9

NOTE: Sometimes both the augend and addend are called **addends.** Sometimes the sum is called the **total.**

# Subtraction

In subtraction, a **subtrahend** is subtracted from a **minuend** to find a **difference.**

In the following equation, 9 is the minuend, 3 is the subtrahend, and 6 is the difference.

9 – 3 = 6

# Multiplication

In multiplication, a **multiplicand** and a **multiplier** are multiplied to find a **product.**

In the following equation, 6 is the multiplicand, 3 is the multiplier, and 18 is the product.

6 x 3 = 18

NOTE: Sometimes the multiplicand and the multiplier are both called **factors.**

# Division

In division, a **dividend** is divided by a **divisor** to find a **quotient.**

In the following equation, 18 is the dividend, 3 is the divisor, and 6 is the quotient.

18 / 3 = 6

If there is an amount left over, it is called the **remainder.** The remainder cannot be evenly divided by the divisor. For example, if you divide 18 by 7, you will get a remainder:

18 / 7 = 2, with a remainder of 4