Portugal: Kings, Queens, Presidents

Kings and QueensAlfonso VI (1656–1683)
Pedro II (1683–1706)
João V (1706–1750)
José I (1750–1777)
Maria I (1777–1816)
João VI o Clemente (1816–1826)
Isabel Maria, president of council of regency (1826–1828)
Pedro IV de Alcântara, regent (1826–1828)
Maria II da Glória (1828, 1834–1853)
Miguel I (1828–1834)
Pedro V de Alcântara (1853–1861)
Ferdinand II, regent (1853–1855)
Luís I (1861–1889)
Carlos I (1889–1908)
Manuel II (1908–1910)
PresidentsJoaquim Teófilo Fernandes Braga (1910–1911, 1915)
Manuel José de Arriaga Brum da Silveira e Peyrelongue (1911–1915)
Bernardino Luís Machado Guimarães (1915–1917, 1925–1926)
Sidónio Bernardino Cardoso da Silva Pais (1917–1918)
João do Canto e Castro Silva Antunes (1918–1919)
António José de Almeida (1919–1923)
Manuel Teixeira Gomes (1923–1925)
José Mendes Cabeçadas Júnior, acting (1926)
Manuel de Oliveira Gomes da Costa , acting (1926)
António Óscar de Fragoso Carmona (1926–1951)
António de Oliveira Salazar, acting (1951)
Francisco Higino Craveiro Lopes (1951–1958)
Américo de Deus Rodrigues Tomás (1958–1974)
António de Spínola (1974)
Francisco da Costa Gomes (1974–1976)
António dos Santos Ramalho Eanes (1976–1986)
Mário Soares (1986–1996)
Jorge Sampaio (1996– )

Poland: RulersSelected World Rulers by Country or RegionRussia: Rulers since 1533