John Gibbon

Born: 1903

Heart-Lung Machine. Gibbon's development of the heart-lung machine made possible the first successful open-heart operation in 1953. Improved versions allow surgeons today to perform bypass surgery and heart transplants. A renowned surgeon and teacher, Gibbon authored the textbook Surgery of the Chest.

Died: 1973

Ivan GettingThe National Inventors Hall of FameCharles P. Ginsburg

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