Dividing Fractions

If your friend has half a pie, how many quarter-pies are in that half? Or, to put this into mathematical notation:

1/2 ÷ 1/4 = ?

To get the answer, flip the divisor (the second fraction) over, and then multiply the fractions. (Or, to put it another way, multiply the dividend [the first fraction] by the reciprocal of the divisor [the second fraction].)

In this case, that makes the problem:

1/2 x 4/1 = ?

We begin by multiplying the numerators:

1 x 4 = 4

And then we multiply the denominators:

2 x 1 = 2

The answer has a numerator of 4 and a denominator of 2. In other words:

1 x 4/2 x 1 =4/2

This fraction can be reduced to lowest terms:

4 ÷ 2/2 ÷ 2 =2/1 = 2

There are 2 quarter-pies in a half-pie.

Another Example

Let's try another:

4/5 ÷ 6/7 = ?

We flip the divisor over, and change the division sign to a multiplication sign:

4/5 x 7/6 = ?

We multiply the numerators:

4 x 7 = 28

And we multiply the denominators:

5 x 6 = 30

The answer has a numerator of 28 and a denominator of 30. In other words:

4 x 7/5 x 6 =28/30

We can reduce this fraction by dividing the numerator and denominator by 2:

28 ÷ 2/30 ÷ 2 = 14/15

Mixed Numbers

Let's try one more, this time with a mixed number:

21/4 ÷ 2/3 = ?

First we change the mixed number to an improper fraction:

9/4 ÷ 2/3 = ?

Next we flip the divisor over and change the division sign to a multiplication sign:

9/4 x 3/2 = ?

We multiply the numerators:

9 x 3 = 27

And we multiply the denominators:

4 x 2 = 8

The answer has a numerator of 27 and a denominator of 8. In other words:

9 x 3/4 x 2 =27/8

Finally, we turn the result—an improper fraction—into a mixed number.

27/8 = 33/8 =

Reciprocal FractionsFactors and FractionsReducing Fractions to Lowest Terms

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