Densities of cooking ingredients from The Cake Bible by Rose Levy Beranbaum.
The density of flour depends on the measuring method. “Scooped”, or
“dip and sweep” refers to dipping a measure into a bin, and then sweeping the excess off the top.
“Spooned” means to lightly spoon into a measure and then sweep the top. Sifted means sifting the
flour directly into a measure and then sweeping the top.