Hurricanes by the Numbers (Atlantic hurricane statistics)

Millions live in the paths of the biggest storms

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Hurricane Katrina

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The North Atlantic hurricane season begins June 1 and lasts through Nov. 30.


The number of types of weather-related events - hurricanes and tropical storms, wildfires, flood outlook areas, disaster declaration areas and winter storms - that the Census Bureau's OnTheMap for Emergency Management tool tracks. OnTheMap for Emergency Management provides reports on the workforce and population for current natural hazard and emergency related events.
Source: OnTheMap for Emergency Management


The number of years since the U.S. was struck by a major hurricane (Category 3 or higher). The last one was Hurricane Wilma in October 2005 over Southwest Florida.

In the Hurricane's Path


The number of hurricanes during the 2014 Atlantic hurricane season.


The number of coastline counties along the Atlantic (129 counties) and Gulf of Mexico

(56 counties) most threatened by Atlantic hurricanes.


Population as of July 1, 2014, of coastline counties stretching from Maine to Texas.


Collective land area in square miles of the states stretching from North Carolina to Texas. The states include Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Texas.

84.2 million

Population as of July 1, 2014, of coastal states stretching from North Carolina to Texas - the areas most threatened by Atlantic hurricanes. An estimated 26.4 percent of the nation's population live in these states.

1.9 million

The number of business establishments in 2013 in the coastal states (including Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Texas). There were 29,454,363 paid workers in these establishments.

Emergency Preparedness


The percentage of U.S. homes that have a prepared emergency evacuation kit. The level of preparedness varies by metro area, with about 70 percent of households in the Miami and Tampa, Fla., metro areas having emergency supplies readily available in the event of an evacuation. The Austin (Texas), Chicago and Minneapolis metro areas had among the lowest rate of homes with an emergency preparedness kit.


The percentage of U.S. homes that have an emergency water supply.


The percentage of occupied housing units that have enough nonperishable emergency food to sustain everyone for three days.


The percentage of homes that said they would likely stay with relatives or friends during a two-week evacuation to a safe place that was at least 50 miles away. This was followed by staying at a hotel or motel (18.1 percent) or public shelter (4.1 percent).


The percentage of single-family homes (excluding manufactured/mobile homes) that have a generator.


The percentage of U.S. homes with at least one pet. Of the 56 million homes with a pet, 26.8 percent need help evacuating or sheltering pets while 72.6 percent do not need assistance.


The percentage of occupied housing units that have a house or building number clearly visible.

History of Hurricane Naming Conventions


The name of the first Atlantic storm of 2015. Hurricane names rotate in a six-year cycle with the 2015 list being a repeat of the 2009 names.


The number of Atlantic hurricane and tropical cyclone names officially retired by the World Meteorological Organization. Although hurricane names are recycled every six years, for reasons of sensitivity, hurricanes and tropical storms that were so deadly and costly that re-use of the name would be considered inappropriate are retired.


The year the Weather Bureau officially began naming hurricanes.


In one of the busiest Atlantic hurricane seasons on record, 28 named storms formed, forcing use of the alternate Greek alphabet scheme for the first time. When the National Hurricane Center's list of 21 approved names runs out for the year, hurricanes are named after Greek letters. Of the 28 named storms in 2005, 15 were hurricanes in which seven were major (Category 3 or higher). Four hurricanes reached Category 5 status (Emily, Katrina, Rita and Wilma).


Despite preseason forecasts for an active hurricane season, that year had the fewest Atlantic hurricanes since 1982. While the year had a slightly above-average number of named storms (14), only 2 of these storms became hurricanes. For the first time since 1994, no hurricane reached major hurricane strength (Category 3 or higher). No hurricanes and only one tropical storm, Andrea, made landfall in the U.S., causing one fatality.

10 Years Ago

Aug. 29, 2015, marks the 10-year anniversary of one of the most devastating hurricanes on record - Hurricane Katrina. The Census Bureau has compiled a list of statistics looking at the 10-year timeline of states and cities affected by Hurricane Katrina. See our Ten Years After Katrina: Fact Sheet.

More on Hurricanes

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