Women by the Numbers

From the U.S. Census Bureau

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Find information on the status and achievements of American women, including population, earnings, motherhood, education, professions, and more in honor of Women's History Month.

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161 million

The number of females in the U.S. as of December 2013. The number of males was 156.1 million.

2 to 1

At 85 and older, the approximate ratio by which women outnumbered men in 2013 (4.0 million to 2.0 million).


The percentage of females in the District of Columbia in 2013— higher than any state—followed by Delaware and Rhode Island at 51.6% and Alabama and New York at 51.5 percent.


75.1 million

The number of females 16 and older who participated in the civilian labor force in 2013. Women comprised 47.4 percent of the civilian labor force in 2013.


Percentage of social scientists who were women, the heaviest representation of women among all STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) fields. Among other STEM fields, approximately 14% of engineers, 45% of mathematicians and statisticians and 47% of life scientists were women. The rates of mathematicians and statisticians, and life scientists are not statistically different from each other.?

Change in Women's Representation
In Select Occupations


Registered nurses 97.3% 91.2%
Dental assistants 97.9% 96.3%
Cashiers 84.2% 74.7%
Elementary and middle school teachers 83.9% 79.3%
Pharmacists 12.1% 52.6%
Accountants 24.6% 60.0%
Computer programmers 24.2% 24.4%
Physicians and surgeons   9.7% 32.4%
Lawyers and judges   4.9% 33.4%
Police officers   3.7% 14.8%
Civil engineers   1.3% 12.7%


Percent of employed women 16 and over in 2013 (annual average) who worked in management, business and financial related occupations, compared with 15.5 percent of employed men in the same year.


1.6 million

Number of women veterans in the United States in 2013.



The median annual earnings of women 15 or older who worked year-round, full time in 2013. In comparison, the median annual earnings of men were $50,033.


The amount that female year-round, full-time workers earned in 2013 for every dollar their male counterparts earned. This ratio was not statistically different from 2012.


10.9 million

Number of women enrolled in undergraduate college and graduate school in fall 2013. Women comprised 56.2 percent of all college students (undergraduate and graduate).


Percent of women 25 and older who had obtained a bachelor's degree or more as of 2014.



Percentage of female citizens 18 and older who reported voting in the 2012 presidential election. By comparison, 59.7 percent of their male counterparts reported voting.


44.2 million

Estimated number of mothers age 15 to 50 in the U.S. in 2012.


Average number of children that women age 40 to 44 had given birth to as of 2012, down from 3.1 children in 1976, the year the Census Bureau first began collecting such data.

The percentage of women in this age group who had ever given birth was 85 percent in 2012, down from 90 percent in 1976.


66.7 million

Number of married women 18 and older (including those who were separated or had an absent spouse) in 2013.

5.2 million

Number of stay-at-home mothers nationwide in 2014, compared with 211,000 stay-at-home fathers.

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