African American History

Revolutionary Era

Petition for Relief from Taxation
John Coffe, Adventur Child, Paul Cuffe, Samuel Gray, Pero Howland, Pero Russell, Pero Coggeshall. (Massachusetts, Feburary 10, 1780)
A Letter to Thomas Jefferson
Benjamin Banneker (Maryland, August 19, 1791)


If I Had a Country, I Should Be a Patriot
Frederick Douglass (Syracuse, New York, Sept., 24, 1847)
Ain't I a Woman?
Sojourner Truth (Women's Rights Convention, Akron, Ohio, 1851)
What to the Slave on the Fourth of July?
Frederick Douglass (Rochester, New York, July 4, 1852)
Appeal to Congress for Impartial Suffrage
Frederick Douglas (Washington, D.C., Jan. 1867)

Civil Rights

Atlanta Compromise
Booker T. Washington (Atlanta, Georgia, Sept. 18, 1895)
Democracy and Education
Booker T. Washington (Brooklyn, N.Y., Sept. 30, 1896)
Men of Niagara
W.E.B. DuBois (Harpers Ferry, W.V., Aug. 16, 1906)
What It Means to be Colored in the Capital of the United States
Mary Church Terrell (Washington, D.C., Oct. 10, 1906)
Mob Murder in a Christian Nation — NAACP Speech Against Lynching
Ida B. Wells (Baltimore, Maryland, Feb. 12, 1909)
Speech on Civil Rights
Adam Clayton Powell (Washington, DC, Feb. 2, 1955)
Democratic National Convention Speech
Fanny Lou Hamer (Atlantic City, N.J., July 22, 1964)
Black Power
Stokely Carmichael (Berkeley, California, 1966)
Democratic National Convention Address: The Rainbow Coalition
Jesse Jackson (San Francisco, Calif., July 18, 1984)


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