State abbreviation/Postal code: Nev./NV
Governor: Brian Sandoval, R (to Jan. 2019)
Lieut. Governor: Mark Hutchison, R (to Jan. 2019)
Secy. of State: Barbara Cegavske, R (to Jan. 2019)
Treasurer: Dan Schwartz, R (to Jan. 2019)
Atty. General: Adam Paul Laxalt, R (to Jan. 2019 )
Organized as territory: March 2, 1861
Entered Union (rank): Oct. 31, 1864 (36)
Present constitution adopted: 1864
Motto: All for Our Country
Nicknames: Sagebrush State; Silver State; Battle Born State
Origin of name: Spanish: “snowcapped”
10 largest cities (2012 est.): Las Vegas, 596,424; Henderson , 265,679; Reno , 231,027; North Las Vegas, 223,491; Paradise, 223,167; Sunrise Manor 189,372; Spring Valley, 178,395; Enterprise 108,481; Sparks, 92,183 ; Carson City , 54,838
Land area: 109,826 sq mi. (284,449 sq km)
Geographic center: In Lander Co., 26 mi. SE of Austin
Number of counties: 16, plus 1 independent city
Largest county by population and area: Clark, 1,951,269 (2010); Nye, 18,147 sq mi.
State parks: 24
Residents: Nevadan, Nevadian
2015 resident population est.: 2,890,845
2010 resident census population (rank): 2,700,551 (35). Male: 1,363,616 (50.5%); Female: 1,336,935 (49.5%). White: 1,786,688 (66.2%); Black: 135,477 (6.8%); American Indian: 26,420 (1.3%); Asian: 90,266 (4.5%); Other race: 159,354 (8.0%); Two or more races: 76,428 (3.8%); Hispanic/Latino: 393,970 (19.7%). 2010 percent population 18 and over: 75.4; 65 and over: 12.0; median age: 36.3.
Trappers and traders, including Jedediah Smith and Peter Skene Ogden, entered the Nevada area in the 1820s. In 1843–1845, John C. Frémont and Kit Carson explored the Great Basin and Sierra Nevada. The U.S. obtained the region in 1848 following the Mexican War, and the first permanent settlement was a Mormon trading post near present-day Genoa.
The driest state in the nation, with an average annual rainfall of only about 7 in., much of Nevada is uninhabited, sagebrush-covered desert. The wettest part of the state receives about 40 in. of precipitation per year, while the driest spot has less than 4 in. per year.
Nevada was made famous by the discovery of the Comstock Lode, the richest known U.S. silver deposit, in 1859, and its mines have produced large quantities of gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, mercury, barite, and tungsten. Oil was discovered in 1954. Gold now far exceeds all other minerals in value of production.
In 1931, the state created two industries, divorce and gambling. For many years, Reno and Las Vegas were the “divorce capitals of the nation.” More liberal divorce laws in many states have ended this distinction, but Nevada is still the gambling capital of the U.S. and a leading entertainment center. In 2009, 12.5% of Nevada’s general revenue came from gambling, which brought in $830 million. Nevada's lack of a lottery might account for its 12th place ranking for total gambling revenue.
The state's leading agricultural industry is cattle and calves. Agricultural crops consist mainly of hay, alfalfa seed, barley, wheat, and potatoes.
Nevada manufactures gaming equipment; lawn and garden irrigation devices; titanium products; seismic and machinery monitoring devices; and specialty printing.
Lake Tahoe, Reno, and Las Vegas are major resorts. Recreation areas include Pyramid Lake, Lake Tahoe, and Lake Mead and Lake Mohave, both in Lake Mead National Recreation Area. Other attractions are Hoover Dam, Virginia City, and Great Basin National Park (includes Lehman Caves).
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