State abbreviation/Postal code: N.C./NC
Governor: Pat McCrory, R (to Jan. 2017)
Lieut. Governor: Dan Forest, R (to Jan. 2017)
Senators: Richard Burr, R (to Jan. 2017); Kay Hagan, D (to Jan. 2015)
U.S. Representatives: 13
Historical biographies of Congressional members
Entered Union (rank): Nov. 21, 1789 (12)
Present constitution adopted: 1971
Motto: Esse quam videri (To be rather than to seem)
|mammal||gray squirrel (1969)|
|reptile||eastern box turtle (1979)|
|shell||scotch bonnet (1965)|
|historic boat||shad boat (1987)|
|dog||plott hound (1989)|
|song||“The Old North State” (1927)|
|colors||red and blue (1945)|
|fruit||scuppernong grape (2001)|
Nickname: Tar Heel State
Origin of name: In honor of Charles I of England
10 largest cities (2010 est.): Charlotte, 731,424; Raleigh, 403,892; Greensboro, 269,666;
Winston-Salem , 229,617;
Durham, 228,330; Fayetteville, 200,564; Cary, 135,234; Wilmington, 106,476; High Point, 104,371; Greenville, 84,554
Land area: 48,711 sq mi. (126,161 sq km)
Geographic center: In Chatham Co., 10 mi. NW of Sanford
Number of counties: 100
Largest county by population and area: Mecklenburg, 919,628 (2010); Robeson, 949 sq mi.
State parks: 29
Residents: North Carolinian
2010 resident population est.: 9,535,483
2010 resident census population (rank): 9,535,483 (10). Male: 4,645,492 (48.70%); Female: 4,889,991 (51.3%). White: 6,528,950 (68.5%); Black: 2,048,628 (21.5%); American Indian: 122,110 (1.3%); Asian: 208,962 (2.2%); Other race: 414,030 (4.3%); Two or more races: 206,199 (2.2%); Hispanic/Latino: 800,120 (8.4%). 2010 percent population 18 and over: 76.1; 65 and over: 12.9; median age: 37.4.
See additional census data
English colonists, sent by Sir Walter Raleigh, unsuccessfully attempted to settle Roanoke Island in 1585 and 1587. Virginia Dare, born there in 1587, was the first child of English parentage born in America.
In 1653 the first permanent settlements were established by English colonists from Virginia near the Roanoke and Chowan rivers. The region was established as an English proprietary colony in 1663–1665 and in its early history was the scene of Culpepper's Rebellion (1677), the Quaker-led Cary Rebellion (1708), the Tuscarora Indian War (1711–1713), and many pirate raids.
During the American Revolution, there was relatively little fighting within the state, but many North Carolinians saw action elsewhere. Despite considerable pro-Union, antislavery sentiment, North Carolina joined the Confederacy during the Civil War.
North Carolina's economy is experiencing a shift away from tobacco, furniture and textiles to knowledge-based enterprises such as biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, and life sciences. The state was ranked third best state for business in 2010 by Forbes magazine. The major agricultural products are tobacco, corn, cotton, hay, peanuts, and vegetable crops. The state is the country's leading producer of mica and lithium.
Tourism is also important, with visitors spending more than $1 billion annually. Sports include year-round golfing, skiing at mountain resorts, both fresh- and salt-water fishing, and hunting.
Among the major attractions are the Great Smoky Mountains, the Blue Ridge National Parkway, the Cape Hatteras and Cape Lookout National Seashores, the Wright Brothers National Memorial at Kitty Hawk, Guilford Courthouse and Moores Creek National Military Parks, Carl Sandburg's home near Hendersonville, and the Old Salem Restoration in Winston-Salem.
See more on North Carolina:
Encyclopedia: North Carolina
Monthly Temperature Extremes
All U.S. States: Geography & Climate
Printable Outline Maps
Record Highest Temperatures
Record Lowest Temperatures
Highest, Lowest, and Mean Elevations
Land and Water Area
All U.S. States: Population & Economy
Historical Population Statistics, 1790–Present
Per Capita Personal Income
Minimum Wage Rates
Federal Government Expenditure
Percent of People in Poverty
Births and Birth Rates
Percentage of Uninsured by State
All U.S. States: Society & Culture:
Most Livable States
Most Dangerous States
Residency Requirements for Voting
Compulsory School Attendance Laws
National Public Radio Stations
Information Please® Database, © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved.
More on North Carolina from Fact Monster:
- University of North Carolina - North Carolina, University of North Carolina, University of, main campus at Chapel Hill; state ...
- North Carolina: Temperature Extremes - North Carolina: Temperature Extremes Month Maximum °F Year Place Minimum °F Year Place Jan. ...
- North Carolina - Map of North Carolina & articles on flags, geography, history, statistics, disasters, and current events.
- North Carolina - North Carolina North Carolina, state in the SE United States. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean ...
- Raleigh - Raleigh Raleigh , city (1990 pop. 207,951), state capital, and seat of Wake co., central N.C.; the ...
24 X 7
||24 x 7 Tutor Availability
||Unlimited Online Tutoring