News and Events of 1919
- About three-quarters of the Boston police force goes on strike (Sept. 9). Massachusetts Governor (John) Calvin Coolidge acts quickly to dismiss the strikers, saying that no one has the right to strike against the public safety.
- Race riots erupt in 26 U.S. cities during the course of the year, including Washington, D.C., and Chicago in July.
- The 18th amendment to the Constitution, prohibiting the sale of alcholic beverages anywhere in the U.S., is ratified (Jan. 16).
$18.49 billionConsumer Price Index:
1.4%Cost of a first-class stamp:
$0.03 ($0.02 as of 7/1/19)
Cincinnati d. Chicago White Sox (5-3)
No Decision (due to influenza epidemic)
Suzanne Lenglen d. D. Chambers (10-8 4-6 9-7)Men:
Gerald Patterson d. N. Brookes (6-3 7-5 6-2)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Football Champions
Harvard (CFRA-tie, HF) (9-0-1) Illinois (CFRA-tie) (6-1-0) & Notre Dame (NCF) (9-0-0)
Fiction: The Magnificent Ambersons, Booth Tarkington
Nobel Prize for Literature: Carl Spitteler (Switzerland)More Entertainment Awards...
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: None awarded
Physics: Johannes Stark (Germany), discovery of Doppler effect in Canal rays and decomposition of spectrum lines by electric fields
Physiology or Medicine: Jules Bordet (Belgium), for discoveries in connection with immunity
- Dial telephones are introduced by the American Telephone and Telegraph Company.
- Albert Einstein's theory of general relativity is confirmed when the Royal Astronomical Society sees the predicted effect during a solar eclipse.