News and Events of 1923
- President Warren G. Harding suddenly falls ill (July 28) while returning from a trip to Alaska and is rushed to San Francisco, where he dies on Aug. 2.
- The second Ku Klux Klan movement in U.S. history grows, stirring widespread controversy and violence.
$3.14 billionConsumer Price Index:
2.4%Cost of a first-class stamp:
NY Yankees d. NY Giants (4-2)
Ottawa d. Vancouver (3-1)
Ottawa d. Edmonton (2-0)
Suzanne Lenglen d. K. McKane (6-2 6-2)Men:
Bill Johnston d. F. Hunter (6-0 6-3 6-1)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Football Champions
Illinois (CFRA, HF) (8-0-0) & Michigan (NCF) (8-0-0)
Fiction: One of Ours, Willa Cather
Drama: Icebound, Owen Davis
Nobel Prize for Literature: William B. Yeats (Ireland)
Miss America: Mary Campbell (OH)More Entertainment Awards...
- Russian immigrant Vladimir Kosma Zworykin patents the iconoscope, the first television transmission tube. He patents the first color tube in 1925.
- A.C. Nielsen Company is founded and provides measurements of radio audiences for advertisers.
- "Queen of the Blues" Bessie Smith records her first song, "Down Hearted Blues," which becomes an immediate success.
- Harlem's Cotton Club opens and presents all-black performances to white-only audiences. Entertainers will include Lena Horne, the Nicholas Brothers, and Cab Calloway.
- German Shepherd Rin Tin Tin becomes film's first canine star.
- Time Magazine debuts.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Fritz Pregl (Austria), for method of microanalysis of organic substances discovered by him
Physics: Robert A. Millikan (US), for work on elementary charge of electricity and photoelectric phenomena
Physiology or Medicine: Sir Frederick Banting (Canada) and John J. R. Macleod (Scotland), for discovery of insulin
- A whooping cough (pertussis) vaccine is developed.
- Harry Steenbock discovers that radiating food with ultraviolet light adds vitamin D.
- Scopolamine, previously used as a childbirth anesthetic, is found to act as a "truth" serum after tests on convicts at San Quentin Prison.