News and Events of 1930
- Unemployment soars, prompting President Hoover
to appoint a Commission for Unemployment Relief.
- Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act
is passed by Congress. The act brings retaliatory tariff acts from foreign countries, U.S. foreign trade suffers a sharp decline, and the depression intensifies.
- N.Y. Supreme Court Judge Joseph Crater withdraws all his money from the bank, sells his stock, and disappears. His fate is never learned.
$3.32 billionConsumer Price Index:
8.9%Cost of a first-class stamp:
Philadelphia A's d. St. Louis Cardinals (4-2)
Montreal d. Boston (2-0)
Helen Moody d. E. Ryan (6-2 6-2)Men:
Bill Tilden d. W. Allison (6-3 9-7 6-4)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Football Champions
Alabama (CFRA) (10-0-0) & Notre Dame (NCF, HF, DS) (10-0-0)
Uruguay d. Argentina (4-2)
Fiction: Laughing Boy, Oliver La Farge
Drama: The Green Pastures, Marc Connelly
Oscars awarded in 1930
Academy Award, Best Picture: All Quiet on the Western Front (Universal)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Sinclair Lewis (US)More Entertainment Awards...
- Crossley Inc. tabulates the first formal radio ratings system.
- Jean Rosenthal, one of the greatest lighting designers in theater history, pioneers the concept of stage lighting.
- As head of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America, William Hays establishes a code of decency that outlines what is acceptable in films.
- Grant Wood paints American Gothic.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Hans Fischer (Germany), for work on coloring matter of blood and leaves and for his synthesis of hemin
Physics: Sir Chandrasekhara Raman (India), for work on diffusion of light and discovery of the Raman effect
Physiology or Medicine: Karl Landsteiner (US), for discovery of human blood groups