News and Events of 1930

World Events

World Statistics

population by decade

Nobel Peace Prize:
Lars O. J. Söderblom (Sweden)

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U.S. Events

U.S. Statistics

President: Herbert C. Hoover
Vice President: Charles Curtis
Population: 123,076,741

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  • Unemployment soars, prompting President Hoover to appoint a Commission for Unemployment Relief.

  • Hawley-Smoot Tariff Act is passed by Congress. The act brings retaliatory tariff acts from foreign countries, U.S. foreign trade suffers a sharp decline, and the depression intensifies.

  • N.Y. Supreme Court Judge Joseph Crater withdraws all his money from the bank, sells his stock, and disappears. His fate is never learned.

Economics

Federal spending:   $3.32 billion
Consumer Price Index:   16.7
Unemployment:   8.9%
Cost of a first-class stamp:   $0.02


Sports

World Series
Philadelphia A's d. St. Louis Cardinals (4-2)
Stanley Cup
Montreal d. Boston (2-0)
Wimbledon
Women: Helen Moody d. E. Ryan (6-2 6-2)
Men: Bill Tilden d. W. Allison (6-3 9-7 6-4)
Kentucky Derby Champion
Gallant Fox
NCAA Football Champions
Alabama (CFRA) (10-0-0) & Notre Dame (NCF, HF, DS) (10-0-0)
World Cup
Uruguay d. Argentina (4-2)

Entertainment

Entertainment Awards

Pulitzer Prizes
Fiction: Laughing Boy, Oliver La Farge
Drama: The Green Pastures, Marc Connelly

Oscars awarded in 1930
Academy Award, Best Picture: All Quiet on the Western Front (Universal)

Nobel Prize for Literature: Sinclair Lewis (US)

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Events

  • Crossley Inc. tabulates the first formal radio ratings system.
  • Jean Rosenthal, one of the greatest lighting designers in theater history, pioneers the concept of stage lighting.
  • As head of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America, William Hays establishes a code of decency that outlines what is acceptable in films.
  • Grant Wood paints American Gothic.

Science

Nobel Prizes in Science

Chemistry: Hans Fischer (Germany), for work on coloring matter of blood and leaves and for his synthesis of hemin

Physics: Sir Chandrasekhara Raman (India), for work on diffusion of light and discovery of the Raman effect

Physiology or Medicine: Karl Landsteiner (US), for discovery of human blood groups

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