News and Events of 1937
- Italy withdraws from League of Nations.
- U.S. gunboat Panay sunk by Japanese in Yangtze River.
- Japan invades China, conquers most of coastal area.
- Britain begins 999 emergency telephone number. The United States starts 911 service in New York in 1968.
$7.58 billionConsumer Price Index:
14.3%Cost of a first-class stamp:
NY Yankees d. NY Giants (4-1)
Detroit d. NY Rangers (3-2)
Dorothy Round d. J. Jedrzejowska (6-2 2-6 7-5)Men:
Don Budge d. G. von Cramm (6-3 6-4 6-2)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Football Champions
Fiction: Gone With the Wind, Margaret Mitchell
Drama: You Can't Take It With You, Moss Hart and George S.
Oscars awarded in 1937
Academy Award, Best Picture: The Great Ziegfeld (MGM)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Roger Martin du Gard (France)
Miss America: Bette Cooper (NJ)More Entertainment Awards...
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Walter N. Haworth (UK), for research on carbohydrates and vitamin C; and Paul Karrer (Switzerland), for work on carotenoids, flavins, and vitamins A and B
Physics: Clinton J. Davisson (US) and George P. Thomson (UK), for discovery of diffraction of electrons by crystals
Physiology or Medicine: Albert Szent-Györgyi von Nagyrapolt (Hungary), for discoveries on biological combustion
- A prototype "antihistamine" is produced to treat allergies.
- Hans Krebs postulates his "cycle" of oxidative phoshorylation, the basic process of cellular metabolism.