News and Events of 1937

World Events

World Statistics

population by decade

Nobel Peace Prize:
Lord Cecil of Chelwood (UK)

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  • Italy withdraws from League of Nations.

  • U.S. gunboat Panay sunk by Japanese in Yangtze River.

  • Japan invades China, conquers most of coastal area.

  • Britain begins 999 emergency telephone number. The United States starts 911 service in New York in 1968.

U.S. Events

U.S. Statistics

President: Franklin D Roosevelt
Vice President: John N. Garner
Population: 128,824,829

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Federal spending:   $7.58 billion
Consumer Price Index:   14.4
Unemployment:   14.3%
Cost of a first-class stamp:   $0.03


World Series
NY Yankees d. NY Giants (4-1)
Stanley Cup
Detroit d. NY Rangers (3-2)
Women: Dorothy Round d. J. Jedrzejowska (6-2 2-6 7-5)
Men: Don Budge d. G. von Cramm (6-3 6-4 6-2)
Kentucky Derby Champion
War Admiral
NCAA Football Champions
Pittsburgh (9-0-1)


Entertainment Awards

Pulitzer Prizes
Fiction: Gone With the Wind, Margaret Mitchell
Drama: You Can't Take It With You, Moss Hart and George S.

Oscars awarded in 1937
Academy Award, Best Picture: The Great Ziegfeld (MGM)

Nobel Prize for Literature: Roger Martin du Gard (France)

Miss America: Bette Cooper (NJ)

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Nobel Prizes in Science

Chemistry: Walter N. Haworth (UK), for research on carbohydrates and vitamin C; and Paul Karrer (Switzerland), for work on carotenoids, flavins, and vitamins A and B

Physics: Clinton J. Davisson (US) and George P. Thomson (UK), for discovery of diffraction of electrons by crystals

Physiology or Medicine: Albert Szent-Györgyi von Nagyrapolt (Hungary), for discoveries on biological combustion

  • A prototype "antihistamine" is produced to treat allergies.
  • Hans Krebs postulates his "cycle" of oxidative phoshorylation, the basic process of cellular metabolism.
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