News and Events of 1938
- Hitler marches into Austria; political and geographical union of Germany and Austria proclaimed.
- Munich Pact—Britain, France, and Italy agree to let Germany partition Czechoslovakia.
- Nazis destroy Jewish shops, homes, synagogues in
Kristallnacht riots; 20,000-30,000 sent to
- First oil strike in Kuwait transforms the emirate's economy.
$6.84 billionConsumer Price Index:
19.0%Cost of a first-class stamp:
NY Yankees d. Chicago Cubs (4-0)
Chicago d. Toronto (3-1)
Helen Moody d. H. Jacobs (6-4 6-0)Men:
Don Budge d. H. Austin (6-1 6-0 6-3)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Football Champions
Italy d. Hungary (4-2)
Fiction: The Late George Apley, John Phillips Marquand
Drama: Our Town, Thornton Wilder
Oscars awarded in 1938
Academy Award, Best Picture: The Life of Emile Zola (Warner Bros.)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Pearl S. Buck (US)
Miss America: Marilyn Meseke (OH)More Entertainment Awards...
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Richard Kuhn (Germany), for carotenoid study and vitamin research (declined)
Physics: Enrico Fermi (Italy), for identification of new radioactivity elements and discovery of nuclear reactions effected by slow neutrons
Physiology or Medicine: Corneille Heymans (Belgium), for determining importance of sinus and aorta mechanisms in the regulation of respiration