News and Events of 1939
- Germany invades Poland; occupies Bohemia and Moravia; renounces pact with England and concludes 10-year non-aggression pact with U.S.S.R.
- Russo-Finnish War begins; Finns to lose one-tenth of territory in 1940 peace treaty.
- World War II begins.
$9.14 billionConsumer Price Index:
17.2%Cost of a first-class stamp:
NY Yankees d. Cincinnati (4-0)
Boston d. Toronto (4-1)
Alice Marble d. K. Stammers (6-2 6-0)Men:
Bobby Riggs d. E. Cooke (2-6 8-6 3-6 6-3 6-2)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
Oregon d. Ohio St. (46-33)
NCAA Football Champions
Texas A&M (11-0-0)
Fiction: The Yearling, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings
Drama: Abe Lincoln in Illinois, Robert E. Sherwood
Oscars awarded in 1939
Academy Award, Best Picture: You Can't Take It With You (Columbia)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Frans Eemil Sillanpää (Finland)
Miss America: Patricia Donnelly (MI)More Entertainment Awards...
- The big-screen adaptation of Gone with the Wind premieres, and will go on to gross $192 million, making it one of the most profitable films of all time. It's also one of the longest films, clocking in at 231 minutes.
- Robert Kane introduces the Batman cartoon.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Adolf Butenandt (Germany), for work on sexual hormones (declined the prize); and Leopold Ruzicka (Switzerland), for work with polymethylenes
Physics: Ernest Orlando Lawrence (US), for development of the cyclotron
Physiology or Medicine: Gerhard Domagk (Germany), for antibacterial effect of prontocilate
- Albert Einstein writes a letter to President Roosevelt regarding the possibility of using uranium to initiate a nuclear chain reaction, the fundamental process behind the
- Paul Muller develops DDT.