News and Events of 1944
$91.30 billionFederal debt:
$204.1 billionConsumer Price Index:
1.2%Cost of a first-class stamp:
St. Louis Cardinals d. St. Louis Browns (4-2)
Montreal d. Chicago (4-0)
Not held (World War II)Men:
Not held (World War II)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
Utah d. Dartmouth (42-40 OT)
NCAA Football Champions
Fiction: Journey in the Dark, Martin Flavin
Music: Symphony No. 4 (Op. 34), Howard Hanson
Oscars awarded in 1944
Academy Award, Best Picture: Casablanca (Warner Bros.)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Johannes V. Jensen (Denmark)
Miss America: Venus Ramey (DC)More Entertainment Awards...
- The first instance of network censorship occurs. The sound is cut off on the Eddie Cantor and Nora Martin duet, "We're Having a Baby, My Baby and Me."
- The DuMont network goes on the air. Paramount Pictures backs the start-up enterprise, but its lack of affiliated radio networks leads to its early demise in 1956.
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Otto Hahn (Germany), for work on atomic fission1945
Physics: Isidor Isaac Rabi (US), for work on magnetic movements of atomic particles
Physiology or Medicine: Joseph Erlanger and Herbert Spencer Gasser (both U.S.), for work on functions of the nerve threads
- Scientists at Harvard University construct the first automatic, general-purpose digital computer.
- DNA is isolated by Oswald Avery.
- The Germans develop the V-2, the first true missile.