News and Events of 1945
US GDP (1998 dollars):
$223.2 billionFederal spending:
$92.71 billionFederal debt:
$260.1 billionDow Jones High/Low:
195/155Consumer Price Index:
1.9%Cost of a first-class stamp:
Detroit d. Chicago Cubs (4-3)
Toronto d. Detroit (4-3)
Not held (World War II)Men:
Not held (World War II)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
Oklahoma A&M d. NYU (49-45)
NCAA Football Champions
Fiction: A Bell for Adano, John Hersey
Music: Appalachian Spring, Aaron Copland
Drama: Harvey, Mary Chase
Oscars awarded in 1945
Academy Award, Best Picture: Going My Way (Paramount)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Gabriela Mistral (Chile)
Miss America: Bess Myerson (NY)More Entertainment Awards...
- The FCC creates the commercial broadcasting spectrum of 13 channels, and receives 130 applications for broadcast licenses.
- Benjamin Britten's Peter Grimes premieres in London, which signals the rebirth of British opera.
- The Lost Weekend, Mildred Pierce, National Velvet, A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, Spellbound
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Artturi Illmari Virtanen (Finland), for research in the field of conservation of fodder
Physics: Wolfgang Pauli (Austria), for work on atomic fissions
Physiology or Medicine: Sir Alexander Fleming, Ernst Boris Chain, and Sir Howard Florey (all UK), for discovery of penicillin
- ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator), the first all-electronic computer, completed. Background: Computers and Internet
- First atomic bomb is successfully detonated at Alamagordo, NM. Background: nuclear weapons
- Grand Rapids, Michigan becomes the first community to fluoridate its water supply.
- Raymond Libby develops oral penicillin.
- American Cyanamid discovers folic acid, a vitamin abundant in green leafy vegetables, liver, kidney, and yeast. Background: Health & Nutrition