News and Events of 1946
US GDP (1998 dollars):
$222.6 billionFederal spending:
$55.23 billionFederal debt:
$271.0 billionDow Jones High/Low:
212/165Consumer Price Index:
3.9%Cost of a first-class stamp:
St. Louis Cardinals d. Boston Red Sox (4-3)
Montreal d. Boston (4-1)
Pauline Betz d. L. Brough (6-2 6-4)Men:
Yvon Petra d. G. Brown (6-2 6-4 7-9 5-7 6-4)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
Oklahoma A&M d. North Carolina (43-40)
NCAA Football Champions
Notre Dame (8-0-1)
Music: The Canticle of the Sun, Leo Sowerby
Drama: State of the Union, Russel Crouse and Howard Lindsay
Oscars awarded in 1946
Academy Award, Best Picture: The Lost Weekend (Paramount)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Hermann Hesse (Switzerland)
Miss America: Marilyn Buferd (CA)More Entertainment Awards...
- The Cannes Film Festival debuts in France.
- The Best Years of Our Lives debuts, and is immediately recognized as a classic post-War film that accuratelyand poignantlyportrays the readjustment families face when loved ones return from battle. The film won Oscars for Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Supporting Actor.
- Faraway Hill, what many television historians consider to be the first network soap opera, debuts on the DuMont network.
- George Balanchine and Lincoln Kirstein establish the New York City Ballet. It makes its home at Lincoln Center in 1964.
- Roberto Rossellini's Neorealist ode to the Italian Resistance, Rome, Open City, presents an alternative to Hollywood with its use of street cinematography, lyrically capturing the despair and confusion of post-World War II Europe.
- It's a Wonderful Life, The Best Years of Our Lives, The Razor's Edge
- Elizabeth Bishop, North and South
- Albert Camus, The Stranger
- Robert Lowell, Lord Weary's Castle
- Carson McCullers, The Member of the Wedding
- Benjamin Spock, The Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care
- Robert Penn Warren, All the King's Men
- Evelyn Waugh, Brideshead Revisited
- Eudora Welty, Delta Wedding
- William Carlos Williams, Paterson, Part One
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: James B. Sumner (US), for crystallizing enzymes; John H. Northrop and Wendell M. Stanley (both US), for preparing enzymes and virus proteins in pure form
Physics: Percy Williams Bridgman (US), for studies and inventions in high-pressure physics
Physiology or Medicine: Herman J. Muller (US), for hereditary effects of X-rays on genes
- US Atomic Energy Commission is formed (Aug. 1). Background: nuclear energy
- Vincent du Vigneaud (US) synthesizes penicillin.
- The US Army makes radar contact with the moon for the first time. Background: Astronomy