News and Events of 1949
US GDP (1998 dollars):
$267.8 billionFederal spending:
$38.84 billionFederal debt:
$252.6 billionDow Jones High/Low:
200/161Consumer Price Index:
3.8%Cost of a first-class stamp:
NY Yankees d. Brooklyn Dodgers (4-1)
Minneapolis Lakers d. Washington Capitols (4-2)
Toronto d. Detroit (4-0)
Louise Brough d. M. duPont (10-8 1-6 10-8)Men:
Ted Schroeder d. J. Drobny (3-6 6-0 6-3 4-6 6-4)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
Kentucky d. Oklahoma A&M (46-36)
NCAA Football Champions
Notre Dame (10-0-0)
Fiction: Guard of Honor, James Gould Cozzens
Music: Louisiana Story music, Virgil Thomson
Drama: Death of a Salesman, Arthur Miller
Oscars awarded in 1949
Academy Award, Best Picture: Hamlet (British) (J. Arthur Rank-Two Cities; Universal-International)
Nobel Prize for Literature: William Faulkner (US)
1949 Emmy Awards
1949 Tony Awards
Miss America: Jacque Mercer (AZ)More Entertainment Awards...
- The first Emmy Awards are handed out on January 25, with Pantomime Quiz Time earning top honor as the Most Popular Television Program.
- Cable television debuts, bringing better reception to rural areas where the conventional television signal is weak.
- Milton Berle hosts the first telethon, which benefits cancer research.
- 45 rpm records are sold in the U.S.
- All the King's Men, Twelve O'Clock High, Sands of Iwo Jima, She Wore a Yellow Ribbon, The Third Man
- "Some Enchanted Evening"
- "Ghost Riders in the Sky"
- "Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer"
- "Diamonds Are a Girl's Best Friend"
- Kiss Me Kate soundtrack
- Samuel Barber, Piano Sonata
- Ernest Bloch, Scherzo Fantasque
- Vaughn Monroe, Vaughn Monroe Sings
- Death of a Salesman, South Pacific, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: William Francis Giauque (US), for research in thermodynamics, especially effects of low temperature
Physics: Hideki Yukawa (Japan), for mathematical prediction, in 1935, of the meson
Physiology or Medicine: Walter Rudolf Hess (Switzerland), for research on brain control of body; and Antonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz (Portugal), for development of brain operation