News and Events of 1951
- Seoul falls first to Communist forces (Jan. 4), then to US-led UN troops (Mar. 14). Despite peace talks in July and October, the Korean War continues.
- Six nations agree to Schuman Plan to pool European coal and steel (March 19; in effect Feb. 10, 1953).
- Japanese peace treaty signed in San Francisco by 49 nations (Sept. 8).
- Libya gains independence from Italy (Dec. 24).
US GDP (1998 dollars):
$339.7 billionFederal spending:
$45.51 billionFederal debt:
$255.3 billionConsumer Price Index:
5.3%Cost of a first-class stamp:
NY Yankees d. NY Giants (4-2)
Rochester d. New York (4-3)
Toronto d. Montreal (4-1)
Doris Hart d. S. Fry (6-1 6-0)Men:
Dick Savitt d. K. McGregor (6-4 6-4 6-4)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
Kentucky d. Kansas St. (68-58)
NCAA Football Champions
- Yul Brynner makes his first appearance as the king of Siam in Rodgers and Hammerstein's The King and I. Gertrude Lawrence costars (March 29).
- Color television introduced in the U.S.
- In an effort to introduce rhythm and blues to a broader white audience, which was hesitant to embrace "black music," disc jockey Alan Freed uses the term rock 'n' roll to describe R&B.
- In the first broadcast of Edward R. Murrow's See It Now series, Murrow shows the split-screen image of the Golden Gate and Brooklyn bridges and tells viewers it is the first time to see the Atlantic and Pacific oceans simultaneously.
- The African Queen, A Streetcar Named Desire, An American in Paris, A Place in the Sun
- Elliott Carter, String Quartet No. 1
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Glenn T. Seaborg and Edwin H. McMillan (both US), for discovery of plutonium
Physics: Sir John Douglas Cockcroft (UK) and Ernest T. S. Walton (Ireland), for work in 1932 on transmutation of atomic nuclei
Physiology or Medicine: Max Theiler (South Africa), for development of anti-yellow-fever vaccine