News and Events of 1953
US GDP (1998 dollars):
$379.7 billionFederal spending:
$76.10 billionFederal debt:
$266.0 billionConsumer Price Index:
3.0%Cost of a first-class stamp:
NY Yankees d. Brooklyn Dodgers (4-2)
Minneapolis Lakers d. New York (4-1)
Montreal d. Boston (4-1)
Maureen Connolly d. D. Hart (8-6 7-5)Men:
Vic Seixas d. K. Nielsen (9-7 6-3 6-4)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
Indiana d. Kansas (69-68)
NCAA Football Champions
- The first issue of TV Guide magazine hits the newsstands on April 3 in 10 cities with a circulation of 1,560,000.
- To counteract the threat of television, Hollywood thinks big and develops wide-screen processes such as CinemaScope, first seen in The Robe.
- Loretta Young abandons Hollywood for her stylish debut on the small screen.
- Lucille Ball gives birth to Desi Arnaz, Jr. on same day the fictional Little Ricky is born on I Love Lucy.
- Playboy magazine hits newsstands. A nude Marilyn Monroe graces the cover.
- The Robe, From Here to Eternity, Shane, Roman Holiday
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Hermann Staudinger (Germany), for research in giant molecules
Physics: Fritz Zernike (Netherlands), for development of ""phase contrast"" microscope
Physiology or Medicine: Fritz A. Lipmann (Germany-US) and Hans Adolph Krebs (Germany-UK), for studies of living cells