News and Events of 1957
- Anthony Eden resigns (Jan. 9); MacMillan becomes British Prime Minister.
- Russia launches Sputnik I, first earth-orbiting satellite—the Space Age begins (Oct. 4).
- The USSR tests its first successful ICBM.
- Eisenhower Doctrine calls for aid to Mideast countries that resist armed aggression from Communist-controlled nations (Jan. 5).
- The "Little Rock Nine" integrate Arkansas high school. Eisenhower sends troops to quell mob and protect the students after Gov. Orval Faubus defies federal order (Sept. 24).
US GDP (1998 dollars):
$461 billionFederal spending:
$76.58 billionFederal debt:
$272.3 billionConsumer Price Index:
4.1%Cost of a first-class stamp:
Milwaukee Braves d. NY Yankees (4-3)
Boston d. St. Louis Hawks (4-3)
Montreal d. Boston (4-1)
Althea Gibson d. D. Hard (6-3 6-2)Men:
Lew Hoad d. A. Cooper (6-2 6-1 6-2)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
North Carolina d. Kansas (54-53 3OT)
NCAA Football Champions
Auburn (AP) (10-0-0) & Ohio St. (UP, FW, INS) (9-1-0)
Fiction: No award
Music: Meditations on Ecclesiastes, Norman Dello Joio
Drama: Long Day's Journey Into Night, Eugene O'Neill
Oscars awarded in 1957
Academy Award, Best Picture: Around the World in 80 Days, Michael Todd, producer (United Artists)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Albert Camus (France)
1957 Emmy Awards
1957 Tony Awards
Miss America: Marian McKnight (SC)More Entertainment Awards...
- Leonard Bernstein's West Side Story debuts on Broadway and brings violence to the stage.
- Eugene O'Neill's A Long Day's Journey Into Night is produced posthumously and wins both the Tony Award and Pulitzer Prize.
- Columbia University professor Charles Van Doren becomes a media sensation by winning $129,000 on the quiz show Twenty One.
- Leave It to Beaver premieres on CBS, ushering in an era of television shows that depict the ideal American.
- The Bridge on the River Kwai, Twelve Angry Men, Sayonara, Peyton Place, Witness for the Prosecution
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Sir Alexander Todd (UK), for research with chemical compounds that are factors in heredity
Physics: Tsung Dao Lee and Chen Ning Yang (China), for disproving principle of conservation of parity
Physiology or Medicine: Daniel Bovet (Italy), for development of drugs to relieve allergies and relax muscles during surgery