News and Events of 1963

World Events

World Statistics

Population: 3.205 billion
population by decade

Nobel Peace Prize:
Intl. Comm. of Red Cross; League of Red Cross Societies (both Geneva)

More World Statistics...
  • France and West Germany sign treaty of cooperation ending four centuries of conflict (Jan. 22).

  • Pope John XXIII dies (June 3), and is succeeded June 21 by Cardinal Montini, who becomes Paul VI.

  • British Secretary of War John Profumo resigns in the wake of an affair with Christine Keeler, a teenage showgirl who was also involved with the Soviet naval attaché (June).

  • Washington-to-Moscow "hot line" communications link opens, designed to reduce risk of accidental war (Aug. 30). Background: cold war

  • Kenya achieves independence.

  • There are 15,000 US military advisers in South Vietnam. Background: Vietnam War

  • 32 independent African nations establish the Organization for African Unity.

U.S. Events

U.S. Statistics

President: John F. Kennedy
Vice President: Lyndon B. Johnson
Population: 189,241,798
Life expectancy: 69.9 years
Violent Crime Rate (per 1,000): 21.8
Property Crime Rate (per 1,000): 20.1
Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 4.9

More U.S. Statistics...

Economics

US GDP (1998 dollars):   $617.4 billion
Federal spending:   $111.32 billion
Federal debt:   $310.3 billion
Consumer Price Index:   30.6
Unemployment:   5.5%
Cost of a first-class stamp:   $0.04 ($0.05 as of 1/7/63)


Sports

World Series
LA Dodgers d. NY Yankees (4-0)
NBA Championship
Boston d. LA Lakers (4-2)
Stanley Cup
Toronto d. Detroit (4-1)
Wimbledon
Women: Margaret Smith d. B.J. Moffitt (6-3 6-4)
Men: Chuck McKinley d. F. Stolle (9-7 6-1 6-4)
Kentucky Derby Champion
Chateaugay
NCAA Basketball Championship
Loyola-IL d. Cincinnati (60-58 OT)
NCAA Football Champions
Texas (11-0-0)

Entertainment

Entertainment Awards

Pulitzer Prizes
Fiction: The Reivers, William Faulkner
Music: Piano Concerto No. 1, Samuel Barber

Oscars awarded in 1963
Academy Award, Best Picture: Lawrence of Arabia, Sam Spiegel, producer (Columbia)

Nobel Prize for Literature: Giorgios Seferis (Seferiades) (Greece)

1963 Emmy Awards

1963 Tony Awards

Grammys awarded in 1963
Record of the Year: "I Left My Heart in San Francisco," Tony Bennett
Album of the Year: The First Family, Vaughn Meader (Cadence)
Song of the Year: "What Kind of Fool Am I," Leslie Bricusse and Anthony Newley, songwriters

Miss America: Jacquelyn Mayer (OH)

More Entertainment Awards...

Events

  • Viewers tuned into NBC witness Jack Ruby shoot Lee Harvey Oswald on camera – the first live telecast of a murder.
  • Beatlemania hits the U.K. The Beatles, a British band composed of John Lennon, George Harrison, Ringo Starr and Paul McCartney, take Britain by storm.
  • The Rolling Stones emerge as the anti-Beatles, with an aggressive, blues-derived style.
  • The French Chef with Julia Child debuts on educational television.

Movies

  • Tom Jones, Lilies of the Field, America, America

Books

Science

Nobel Prizes in Science

Chemistry: Carl Ziegler (Germany) and Giulio Natta (Italy), for work in uniting simple hydrocarbons into large molecule substances

Physics: Eugene Paul Wigner, Maria Goeppert Mayer (both US), and J. Hans D. Jensen (Germany), for research on structure of atom and its nucleus

Physiology or Medicine: Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Andrew Fielding Huxley (both UK), and Sir John Carew Eccles (Australia), for research on nerve cells

  • Quasars are discovered by Marten Schmidt (US).
  • The first liver transplant is performed by F.D. Moore and T.E. Starzl. Background: Health & Nutrition
  • The first commercial nuclear reactor goes online at the Jersey Central Power Company. Background: nuclear energy
  • The sedative Valium (chlordiazepoxide) is developed by Roche labs.

Deaths

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