News and Events of 1963
- France and West Germany sign treaty of cooperation ending four centuries of conflict (Jan. 22).
- Pope John XXIII dies (June 3), and is succeeded June 21 by Cardinal Montini, who becomes Paul VI.
- British Secretary of War John Profumo resigns in the wake of an affair with Christine Keeler, a teenage showgirl who was also involved with the Soviet naval attaché (June).
- Washington-to-Moscow "hot line" communications link opens, designed to reduce risk of accidental war (Aug. 30). Background: cold war
- Kenya achieves independence.
- There are 15,000 US military advisers in South Vietnam. Background: Vietnam War
- 32 independent African nations establish the Organization for African Unity.
US GDP (1998 dollars):
$617.4 billionFederal spending:
$111.32 billionFederal debt:
$310.3 billionConsumer Price Index:
5.5%Cost of a first-class stamp:
$0.04 ($0.05 as of 1/7/63)
LA Dodgers d. NY Yankees (4-0)
Boston d. LA Lakers (4-2)
Toronto d. Detroit (4-1)
Margaret Smith d. B.J. Moffitt (6-3 6-4)Men:
Chuck McKinley d. F. Stolle (9-7 6-1 6-4)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
Loyola-IL d. Cincinnati (60-58 OT)
NCAA Football Champions
Fiction: The Reivers, William Faulkner
Music: Piano Concerto No. 1, Samuel Barber
Oscars awarded in 1963
Academy Award, Best Picture: Lawrence of Arabia, Sam Spiegel, producer (Columbia)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Giorgios Seferis (Seferiades) (Greece)
1963 Emmy Awards
1963 Tony Awards
Grammys awarded in 1963
Record of the Year: "I Left My Heart in San Francisco," Tony Bennett
Album of the Year: The First Family, Vaughn Meader (Cadence)
Song of the Year: "What Kind of Fool Am I," Leslie Bricusse and Anthony Newley, songwriters
Miss America: Jacquelyn Mayer (OH)More Entertainment Awards...
- Viewers tuned into NBC witness Jack Ruby shoot Lee Harvey Oswald on camera the first live telecast of a murder.
- Beatlemania hits the U.K. The Beatles, a British band composed of John Lennon, George Harrison, Ringo Starr and Paul McCartney, take Britain by storm.
- The Rolling Stones emerge as the anti-Beatles, with an aggressive, blues-derived style.
- The French Chef with Julia Child debuts on educational television.
- Tom Jones, Lilies of the Field, America, America
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Carl Ziegler (Germany) and Giulio Natta (Italy), for work in uniting simple hydrocarbons into large molecule substances
Physics: Eugene Paul Wigner, Maria Goeppert Mayer (both US), and J. Hans D. Jensen (Germany), for research on structure of atom and its nucleus
Physiology or Medicine: Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Andrew Fielding Huxley (both UK), and Sir John Carew Eccles (Australia), for research on nerve cells
- Quasars are discovered by Marten Schmidt (US).
- The first liver transplant is performed by F.D. Moore and T.E. Starzl. Background: Health & Nutrition
- The first commercial nuclear reactor goes online at the Jersey Central Power Company. Background: nuclear energy
- The sedative Valium (chlordiazepoxide) is developed by Roche labs.