News and Events of 1970
US GDP (1998 dollars):
$1,035.60 billionFederal spending:
$195.65 billionFederal debt:
$380.9 billionMedian Household Income
$8,734 Consumer Price Index:
3.5%Cost of a first-class stamp:
Kansas City d. Minnesota (23-7)
Baltimore d. Cincinnati (4-1)
New York d. LA Lakers (4-3)
Boston d. St. Louis (4-0)
Margaret Court d. B.J. King (14-12 11-9)Men:
John Newcombe d. K. Rosewall (5-7 6-3 6-2 3-6 6-1)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
UCLA d. Jacksonville (80-69)
NCAA Football Champions
Nebraska (AP, FW) (11-0-1); Texas (UPI, NFF-tie), (10-1-0) & Ohio St. (NFF-tie), (9-1-0)
Brazil d. Italy (4-1)
Fiction: Collected Stories, Jean Stafford
Music: Time's Encomium, Charles Wuorinen
Drama: No Place to Be Somebody, Charles Gordone
Oscars awarded in 1970
Academy Award, Best Picture: Midnight Cowboy,, Jerome Hellman, producer (United Artists)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (USSR)
1970 Emmy Awards
1970 Tony Awards
Grammys awarded in 1970
Record of the Year: "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In," 5th Dimension
Album of the Year: Blood, Sweat and Tears, Blood, Sweat and Tears (Columbia)
Song of the Year: "Games People Play," Joe South, songwriter
Miss America: Pamela Anne Eldred (MI)More Entertainment Awards...
- The Beatles break up. By the end of the year, each member had released a solo album.
- George C. Scott gives one of film's most memorable performances in Patton. He won the Best Actor Oscar for his turn as the title character, but refused the gold statuette.
- Jimi Hendrix and Janis Joplin both die drug-related deaths at age 27.
- FCC regulations require separate ownership of television networks and studios.
- Monday Night Football debuts on ABC, with Howard Cosell, Frank Gifford, and Don Meredith giving play-by-play.
- Midnight Cowboy wins the Best Picture Oscar, the first and only time an X-rated movie received the honor.
- M*A*S*H, Patton, Love Story, Airport
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: Luis F. Leloir (Argentina), for discovery of sugar nucleotides and their role in biosynthesis of carbohydrates
Physics: Hannes Alfvén (Sweden), for theories in plasma physics; and Louis Néel (France), for discoveries in antiferromagnetism and ferromagnetism
Physiology or Medicine: Julius Axelrod (US), Ulf S. von Euler (Sweden), and Sir Bernard Katz (UK), for studies of how nerve impulses are transmitted within the body
- Biochemist Hamilton O. Smith (US) discovers a restriction enzyme that will allow biologist Daniel Nathans (US) to map a complete viral genome. Background: genetic engineering
- IBM introduces the floppy disk. Background: Computers and Internet
- Bar codes (computer-scanned binary signal code) are introduced for retail and industrial use in England.
- The LCD (liquid crystal display) is invented by Hoffmann-La Roche (Switzerland).
- The Food and Drug Administration warns that birth control pills may cause blood clots. Background: Birth & Contraception
- Lithium is approved by the FDA for the treatment of manic-depression.