News and Events of 1970

World Events

World Statistics

Population: 3.706 billion
population by decade

Nobel Peace Prize:
Norman E. Borlaug (US)

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U.S. Events

U.S. Statistics

President: Richard M. Nixon
Vice President: Spiro T. Agnew
Population: 205,052,174
Life expectancy: 70.8 years
Violent Crime Rate (per 1,000): 39.8
Property Crime Rate (per 1,000): 36.2
Homicide Rate (per 100,000): 8.3

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Economics

US GDP (1998 dollars):   $1,035.60 billion
Federal spending:   $195.65 billion
Federal debt:   $380.9 billion
Median Household Income
(current dollars):  
$8,734
Consumer Price Index:   38.8
Unemployment:   3.5%
Cost of a first-class stamp:   $0.06


Sports

Super Bowl
Kansas City d. Minnesota (23-7)
World Series
Baltimore d. Cincinnati (4-1)
NBA Championship
New York d. LA Lakers (4-3)
Stanley Cup
Boston d. St. Louis (4-0)
Wimbledon
Women: Margaret Court d. B.J. King (14-12 11-9)
Men: John Newcombe d. K. Rosewall (5-7 6-3 6-2 3-6 6-1)
Kentucky Derby Champion
Dust Commander
NCAA Basketball Championship
UCLA d. Jacksonville (80-69)
NCAA Football Champions
Nebraska (AP, FW) (11-0-1); Texas (UPI, NFF-tie), (10-1-0) & Ohio St. (NFF-tie), (9-1-0)
World Cup
Brazil d. Italy (4-1)

Entertainment

Entertainment Awards

Pulitzer Prizes
Fiction: Collected Stories, Jean Stafford
Music: Time's Encomium, Charles Wuorinen
Drama: No Place to Be Somebody, Charles Gordone

Oscars awarded in 1970
Academy Award, Best Picture: Midnight Cowboy,, Jerome Hellman, producer (United Artists)

Nobel Prize for Literature: Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (USSR)

1970 Emmy Awards

1970 Tony Awards

Grammys awarded in 1970
Record of the Year: "Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In," 5th Dimension
Album of the Year: Blood, Sweat and Tears, Blood, Sweat and Tears (Columbia)
Song of the Year: "Games People Play," Joe South, songwriter

Miss America: Pamela Anne Eldred (MI)

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Events

  • The Beatles break up. By the end of the year, each member had released a solo album.
  • George C. Scott gives one of film's most memorable performances in Patton. He won the Best Actor Oscar for his turn as the title character, but refused the gold statuette.
  • Jimi Hendrix and Janis Joplin both die drug-related deaths at age 27.
  • FCC regulations require separate ownership of television networks and studios.
  • Monday Night Football debuts on ABC, with Howard Cosell, Frank Gifford, and Don Meredith giving play-by-play.
  • Midnight Cowboy wins the Best Picture Oscar, the first and only time an X-rated movie received the honor.

Movies

  • M*A*S*H, Patton, Love Story, Airport

Books

Science

Nobel Prizes in Science

Chemistry: Luis F. Leloir (Argentina), for discovery of sugar nucleotides and their role in biosynthesis of carbohydrates

Physics: Hannes Alfvén (Sweden), for theories in plasma physics; and Louis Néel (France), for discoveries in antiferromagnetism and ferromagnetism

Physiology or Medicine: Julius Axelrod (US), Ulf S. von Euler (Sweden), and Sir Bernard Katz (UK), for studies of how nerve impulses are transmitted within the body

  • Biochemist Hamilton O. Smith (US) discovers a restriction enzyme that will allow biologist Daniel Nathans (US) to map a complete viral genome. Background: genetic engineering
  • IBM introduces the floppy disk. Background: Computers and Internet
  • Bar codes (computer-scanned binary signal code) are introduced for retail and industrial use in England.
  • The LCD (liquid crystal display) is invented by Hoffmann-La Roche (Switzerland).
  • The Food and Drug Administration warns that birth control pills may cause blood clots. Background: Birth & Contraception
  • Lithium is approved by the FDA for the treatment of manic-depression.

Deaths

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