News and Events of 1975
- Pol Pot and Khmer Rouge take over Cambodia (April).
- The city of Saigon is surrendered and remaining Americans are evacuated, ending the Vietnam War (April 30).
- American merchant ship Mayaguez, seized by Cambodian forces, is rescued in operation by US Navy and Marines, 38 of whom are killed (May 15).
- Apollo and
spacecraft take off for US-Soviet link-up in space (July 15).
US GDP (1998 dollars):
$1,630.60 billionFederal spending:
$332.33 billionFederal debt:
$541.9 billionMedian Household Income
$11,800 Consumer Price Index:
8.5%Cost of a first-class stamp:
$0.10 ($0.13 as of 12/31/75)
Pittsburgh d. Minnesota (16-6)
Cincinnati d. Boston Red Sox (4-3)
Golden St. Warriors d. Washington Bullets (4-0)
Philadelphia d. Buffalo (4-2)
Billie Jean King d. E. Cawley (6-0 6-1)Men:
Arthur Ashe d. J. Connors (6-1 6-1 5-7 6-4)
Kentucky Derby Champion
NCAA Basketball Championship
UCLA d. Kentucky (92-85)
NCAA Football Champions
Fiction: The Killer Angels, Michael Shaara
Music: From the Diary of Virginia Woolf, Dominick Argento
Drama: Seascape, Edward Albee
Oscars awarded in 1975
Academy Award, Best Picture: The Godfather Part II, Francis Ford Coppola, producer; Gray Frederickson and Fred Roos, co-producers (Paramount)
Nobel Prize for Literature: Eugenio Montale (Italy)
1975 Emmy Awards
1975 Tony Awards
Grammys awarded in 1975
Record of the Year: "I Honestly Love You," Olivia Newton-John
Album of the Year: Fulfillingness' First Finale, Stevie Wonder (Tamla/Motown)
Song of the Year: "The Way We Were," Marilyn and Alan Bergman and Marvin Hamlisch, songwriters
Miss America: Shirley Cothran (TX)More Entertainment Awards...
- ABC, CBS and NBC agree to create a "family hour," an early evening time slot that is free of violence and sex.
- Saturday Night Live premieres on NBC. George Carlin hosts the first show.
- One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest sweeps the top Oscars, winning Best Picture, Director, Actor, and Actress.
- One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Jaws, Nashville, Dog Day Afternoon, Barry Lyndon
Nobel Prizes in Science
Chemistry: John W. Cornforth (Australia) and Vladimir Prelog (Switzerland), for research on structure of biological molecules such as antibiotics and cholesterol
Physics: James Rainwater (US), Ben Mottelson, and Aage N. Bohr (both Denmark), for showing that the atomic nucleus is asymmetrical
Physiology or Medicine: David Baltimore, Howard M. Temin, and Renato Dulbecco (all US), for work in interaction between tumor viruses and genetic material of the cell
- Home videotape systems (VCRs) are developed in Japan by Sony (Betamax) and Matsushita (VHS).
- The Altair home computer kit allows consumers to build and program their own personal computers. Background: Computers and Internet